About this Research Topic
Three species form the Staphylococcus aureus complex, which are S. aureus, Staphylococcus argenteus and S. schweitzeri. S. argenteus was first found in Australia and South-East Asia but is now reported around the globe including Europe. S. schweitzeri mainly colonizes African wildlife but is currently rarely found in humans. In addition, the European community-acquired methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) most likely derived from a Panton-Valentine leukocidin positive methicillin susceptible ancestor from Africa. Therefore, there is much to discover on S. aureus complex in the tropics, maybe more than one might initially assume. Altogether, the findings of recent studies should encourage us to have a closer look at the epidemiology of S. aureus complex in tropical countries to study the evolution of major global lineages and to understand the medical relevance of emerging species within the S. aureus complex.
This Research Topic welcomes manuscript addressing the epidemiology and evolution of members of the S. aureus complex with a special emphasize on tropical regions. The scope of our Research Topic includes
• Molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus schweitzeri, Staphylococcus argenteus and Staphylococcus aureus
• Host adaptation, particularly of the new species S. schweitzeri and S. argenteus
• In vitro studies on the pathogenic potential of the new species S. schweitzeri and S. argenteus
• Animal reservoirs of S. argenteus, S. schweitzeri and S. aureus in tropical regions
• Culture based or molecular methods to quickly distinguish all species of the S. aureus complex
• Clinical aspects of S. aureus and S. argenteus infections
• Prevalence and mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in S. argenteus, S. schweitzeri and S. aureus in tropical regions
We welcome Mini-Reviews, Opinions, Perspectives, Hypothesis, and Original Research articles.
Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus argenteus, Staphylococcus schweitzeri, epidemiology, evolution