About this Research Topic
Soil and water pollution continue to be global concerns. In recent years, the use of biosorbents has garnered wide interest as an efficient low-cost alternative to removing or retaining pollutants from soil and water environments, aiding to mitigate the impact of these issues. Biosorbents mainly include natural raw materials, as well as some waste and byproducts. In recent years, increasing efforts have also been devoted to performing and carrying out research on technically based sorbents--some of them derived from the chemical and/or physicochemical transformation of raw products, others constituted from new ones (for example some nanomaterials)--that could retain or remove different kinds of pollutants.
Surface reactions, as well as physical, chemical, and physicochemical interactions, between sorbent materials and pollutants are of central importance to sorption/desorption (or retention/release) processes. Also, the physicochemical environment, as well as chemical transformations and overall chemical reactivity, are essential to preparing new sorbents, and to understanding the mechanisms behind the evolution, final results, and efficacy of the natural and technically transformed materials designed as a means to fight pollution.
Although high-quality research has previously been performed in this field, and good papers published, there is still a need for further investigation, as new sorbent materials can be developed and/or tested, as well as their evolution and efficacy in different physical, chemical, and environmental situations. This could help to solve environmental and public health problems related to a variety of contaminants.
The editors of this Research Topic encourage authors to submit new research findings and/or new views and scientific discussion on the topic. Specifically, original research papers, reviews, or new perspective articles that shed further light will be highly welcome, especially those focusing on or paying attention to the chemical aspects relating to the theme of this Research Topic.
Keywords: Biosorbents, Technically-based sorbents, Soil pollution, Water pollution, Soil and water treatment
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