About this Research Topic
Anthropogenic interventions in the carbon cycle are essential for stabilizing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Significant scientific advancements over the past few decades are now bringing us closer to the scalable deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technologies. In this context, this Research Topic provides a forum for presenting the scientific advancements that have yielded “step-changes” in technology readiness levels, uncovered a paradigm shift to overcome previously unseen or overlooked opportunities, bridged the gap across the research valleys of death, and helped “de-risk” technologies for CCUS deployment. Important policy and economic instruments aimed at catalyzing CCUS adoption by the energy and materials sectors are also of interest.
This Research Topic covers a wide range of timely and relevant areas that include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Thermodynamics, interfacial behavior, transport, and reactivity of CO2 in engineered and natural environments.
- Multifunctional materials and processes for co-producing fuels and chemicals with inherent CO2 capture and utilization.
- Novel thermochemical, electrochemical, biochemical, and catalyzed reaction pathways.
- Innovations in biomass, soil and subsurface science and technology to aid reliable storage.
- Advanced characterization approaches for accelerating CCUS technological developments or validation.
- Targeted applications that include CO2 capture, hybrid separation and utilization approaches, CO2 storage, mineralization, Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) and Direct Air Capture (DAC).
- Analyses or proposals of regulatory policies and economic instruments, including taxes, credits and subsidies, that aid in the short or long run the feasibility of particular CCUS approaches.
Keywords: Carbon Capture, Carbon Utilization and Storage, Carbon Removal, Negative Emissions, Direct Air Capture, Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage
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