About this Research Topic
Speech imitation appears to be one of the most fundamental aspects of human vocal behavior. It has been suggested that it plays an important role in speech development and may also form one of the key mechanisms that underlie the emergence and evolution of human languages. Starting early on, infants appear to be matching the prosodic and micro-prosodic properties of their mothers’ speech in child-mother interactions. Also in the course of a conversational interaction between mature talkers, the behavior of each talker tends to become more similar-sounding to that of the conversational partner. The behavioral tendency shown by humans to imitate others may be connected at the brain level with the presence of a mirror neuron system, whose discovery has raised important issues about the role that this action-observation matching system may fulfill in many different domains, from sensorimotor integration to the understanding of others' behavior.
The focus of this Research Topic is the fast-growing body of research on imitation phenomena in speech. We aim to bring together researchers with a large variety of scientific backgrounds (linguistics, speech sciences, psycholinguistics, experimental sociolinguistics, neurosciences, cognitive sciences) with a view to improving our understanding of the role of imitation in the production, comprehension and acquisition of spoken language. The Research Topic will also aim to assess current research on the brain and cognitive underpinnings of imitative behavior. The questions that can be explored in the submitted articles and communications include the following:
When is phonetic imitation an automatic process and when does it represent a conscious effort of the talkers, designed to fit the social context of the interaction?
Which components of the speech signal are imitated in different contexts/conditions?
What are the causes of individual differences in the ability to imitate phonetic properties of both L1 and L2 (e.g., phonetic talent, dominant pitch perception mode, auditory memory etc.)?
What computational techniques can be successfully employed to characterize imitation in speech, both in terms of static characterization (comparing short fragments of speech), as well as from a nonsegmental perspective (comparing evolution of different features over time)?
How do visual cues interact with auditory cues, e.g., with respect to the degree of imitation and the speed of processing?
What are the neural correlates of speech imitation?
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.