About this Research Topic
The intraseasonal to interannual variability accounts for a large portion of regional climate variations. Hence, it greatly influences the livelihoods of the inhabitants of the region and further impacts sustainable development. However, both origins and predictability of the climate variability on these timescales are far from well known. In order to support informed decision making for disaster prevention and mitigation, it is important to understand the variations of regional precipitation and temperature and their extremes on intraseasonal to interannual timescales, to unravel the dynamic origins of these variations, and to evaluate and improve their predictability, especially in the context of continuous climate change.
This research topic aims to gather studies from meteorologists, climatologists and hydrologists, and will focus on the intraseasonal to interannual variability of regional climate, in particular the variability of regional temperature and precipitation and their extremes. As well as exploring the air-sea interaction process that drives the regional climate variability. In addition, the performance of current operational models in simulating and forecasting regional climate and climate extremes will be evaluated, and approaches to improve the forecasting skill of intraseasonal to interannual climate variability will be discussed.
We welcome studies related to all topics stated above, in particular the aspects such as:
• The atmospheric circulation and teleconnection anomalies in association with the intraseasonal to interannual variability of regional climate and climate extremes (e.g., persistent heavy rainfall, consecutive drought, heat wave, cold surge and tropical cyclone activities);
• The possible air-sea interaction processes that drive the intraseasonal to interannual variability of regional climate and climate extremes;
• Dynamic origins of the regional climate variability stemming from boundary layers (e.g., sea surface temperature, cryosphere, soil moisture) over both tropical and extra-tropical regions;
• Numerical and statistical simulations of the intraseasonal to interannual variations of regional climate and climate extremes, and their climate predictability (i.e., the extended-range forecast and seasonal prediction) based on current operational models (especially from the S2S prediction database).
Keywords: regional climate variability, extreme events, intreaseasonal to interannual timescales, dynamic origins, predictability
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.