About this Research Topic
In this Research Topic, we would like to encourage the submission of manuscripts investigating how specific behavioral or nutritional factors affect host-associated microbiomes. Research that includes both comparative analyses and experimentation would be particularly welcome, as well as theoretical modeling of host-microbiome systems.
Ideally, we would like the submitted works to address questions relating to the following issues:
1. Does the modification of symbiotic microbial communities in a host undergoing different exposures due to behavioral or nutritional changes result in significant tradeoffs in structure or function?
2. Do microbial symbiotic communities adapt first to behavioral or nutritional changes, as microbes have shorter generation times, higher reproductive rates and a rapid population/community turnover?
3. Or are the microbial symbionts just tracking the physiological fluctuations of the host as it adapts to its environment or lifestyle?
We particularly encourage research that includes
1. Comparative and/or experimental analyses of plant-, animal- or human- associated microbiomes relative to behavioral or nutritional changes, including but not restricted to those that result from adaptation to climate change.
2. The effects of lifestyle and cultural traditions on the composition and dynamics of the human microbiomes including but not restricted to gut, oral and skin.
3. The effects of sexual practices and contraceptive use on the human reproductive tract microbiome.
4. The effects of specific behaviors or activities on the human microbiome including but not limited to smoking, exercising and sleeping habits.
5. Comparative and/or experimental analyses of the effect of specific foods and small dietary changes on human and animal microbiomes as well as the impact of fertilizers and pesticides on plant microbiomes.
6. Metabolic, ecological or evolutionary modeling of microbiome adaptation to host changes in nutrition or behavior.
Keywords: microbiome, host-microbiome system, microbial symbionts
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.