About this Research Topic
Over the past decades, global food production has improved due to the widespread application of irrigation and fertilizers in modern farming. Yet, undernourishment is still an issue to ~15% of the world’s population because of an array of socioeconomic and environmental factors. The situation will likely become worse as the global demand for food is predicted to double by 2050 with the increasing population and a worldwide shift toward a meat-intensive diet, but future food productivity is constrained by external factors such as climate change.
Agriculture itself is a primary environmental polluter and climate change driver - responsible for ~80–90% of atmospheric ammonia, 30–35% of global greenhouse gases, consuming ~70% of global freshwater withdrawals, and diminishing biodiversity and ecosystem services via deforestation. Hence, it is essential to develop new alternatives to conventional agriculture that minimize climate and environmental impacts while maintaining sufficient yield.
In this Research Topic, we seek studies that explore sustainable alternatives to traditional farming methods, such as intercropping, no-till farming, and precision fertilization etc, which address the brunt of climate change in croplands and the larger global food supply system. We invite researchers to submit their findings on a broad range of areas related, but not limited to, the following topics:
- Investigating the present and future challenges to the agriculture industry induced by the changing climate
- Evaluating the performance/potentials of regional/local policies or strategies that strike the balance between satisfying food demand and reducing climate/environmental impacts
- Exploring scalable food security measures to improve the food supply systems, including advanced farming methods that help derive future national/regional farming strategy in response to climate change
- Identifying risks in the current food production system under climate change
- Quantifying interactions within the food-water-environment-climate nexus
- Bridging the political, economic and cultural dimensions of climate adaptation and mitigation of food production
We are especially interested in studies that involve innovative technologies, e.g., machine learning methods, using drones, and near field remote sensing for farming or works that are transferable to policy efforts. We would also like to draw authors from underrepresented food-producing countries and welcome studies conducted by/for developing countries at which agriculture is adversely affected by climate change.
Keywords: climate change, climate, food systems, agriculture, food supply, farming methods, farming, policy, climate adaptation
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.