About this Research Topic
After 50 years of intensification of agricultural production systems, which has been accompanied by a major simplification of these systems, their negative effects on natural resources (soil, water, and air, loss of biodiversity, etc.) and their consequences on human health are now widely recognised. This indicates the strong need for a paradigm shift as an ecological intensification.
Crop diversification with a high level of agrobiodiversity in cropping systems is seen as an essential pillar of agro-ecological transition, based on growing evidence of improved productive and environmental performance and resilience of cropping and farming systems.
Thus, the main objectives of this Research Topic are (i) to take stock of recent knowledge concerning the multi-criteria, multidisciplinary and multi-scale (up to food systems) performance of cropping and production systems mobilising a high level of crop diversification, (ii) to highlight the current obstacles limiting crop diversification implementation in different contexts and (iii) to analyse its advantages and limits in the face of global changes (increasing populations, scarcity of natural resources, climate change, etc.).
We welcome manuscripts on the following subjects:
• Crop diversification and agrosystems resilience and performances
• Ecosystem services in highly diversified cropping systems
• Relationship between traits, functions and ecosystem services in diversified cropping systems
• Crop diversification benefits and limitations
• Design / co-design crop diversification strategies
• Legume and other neglected crops introduction in cropping systems
• Crop diversification and biodiversity
• Input dependency in diversified cropping systems
• Biological regulations in diversified cropping systems
• Design and optimization of species mixtures in cash crops and cover crops
• New approach of breeding, the relevance of phenotypic traits for crop diversification
• Crop diversification for climate change mitigation and adaptation
• Reasoning strategy for crop diversification in a territory
• Economic value and carry-over effects of crop diversification.
Keywords: agroecology, climate-smart agriculture, ecosystem services, multicriteria assessment, multi-services cover crop, system design
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.