About this Research Topic
Antimicrobial resistance has become a global health concern. It has been predicted that antimicrobial-resistant pathogens will cause 10 million deaths worldwide by the year 2050. In recent decades, the prevalence of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria is rapidly increasing due to the long-term and misuse of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine. The majority of antimicrobials are used in food-producing animals, MDR even extensively drug-resistant bacteria have been frequently reported in animals, particularly plasmid-mediated colistin-resistance genes mcr and plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance genes tet(X). Antimicrobial resistance could be transfer from animals to humans via the food chain, close contact, or the environment
Food is an important source for human infections. For example, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes are important foodborne pathogens, present in various food products, could cause salmonellosis and listeriosis. Foodborne pathogens have caused outbreaks in many countries associated with food contamination. The rising trends of multidrug resistance in foodborne pathogens are alarming. One the one hand, MDR foodborne bacteria could infect human worldwide, and clinical treatment of antimicrobials will be compromised. One the other hand, antimicrobial resistance could be easily transmitted to humans through the food chain. As antimicrobial resistance in foodborne pathogens represents a biological hazard, it is important to better understand the ecology, epidemiology and transmission mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance among foodborne pathogens.
This Research Topic will focus on antimicrobial resistance in foodborne pathogens (e.g., Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Listeria). Emergence and dissemination of resistance genes in foodborne pathogens via the food chain will be of particular interest for this topic. Articles can be original research or reviews. Themes in the Research Topic include but not limited to:
• Regional or long-term Resistance surveillance of foodborne pathogens.
• Globally or regionally spread of multidrug resistant epidemic foodborne pathogens clones
• The horizontal spread of resistance genes among foodborne pathogens
• Dissemination of resistance genes in foodborne pathogens
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, foodborne pathogens, transmission, food chain, resistance genes, epidemic clone
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