About this Research Topic
as "the first non-infectious epidemic in history and a major problem in the world". Obesity-related health concerns affecting children, adolescent, and adult people have reached epidemic levels in both industrialized and developing countries. The health risks and health care costs of childhood, adolescent, and adult obesity are considerable and include metabolic
disorders, earlier puberty and menarche in girls, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, adulthood obesity, and higher rates of mortality in young adults.
Overweight and obesity among children, adolescents and adults are likely to be the result of complex interactions between genes, lifestyles, dietary habits, and socioeconomic factors. There is limited data on the determinants such as lifestyle behaviors, psycho-physiological
factors, dietary habits, and familial factors leading to obesity and overweight.
An unhealthy lifestyle, including low levels of physical activity and calorie-rich food intake, is a key factor accelerating obesity. Implementation of appropriate nutrition and physical activity in individuals with overweight and/or obesity may improve the health of patients, especially those with adverse health consequences due to increased fat mass and adiposopathic metabolic consequences. Nutrition education and/or appropriate physical activity are important components in the management of individuals with obesity. However, despite the fact that a good diet and physical activity are known to confer protection against obesity, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that mediate the metabolic benefits of nutrition and/or physical activity remain unclear.
This Research Topic focusses on observational and interventional studies related to overweight and obesity in children, adolescents, and adults. Authors are welcome to submit systematic reviews, meta-analyses, narrative reviews, original research, methods, mini-reviews, perspectives, and opinion articles addressing various aspects and interventions (nutrition, physical activity and others) to manage overweight and obesity among children, adolescents and adults.
Keywords: Obesity, overweight, children, adolescent, health, chronic diseases
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