About this Research Topic
Other cellular breeding methods of haploidy, polyploidy, conservation of elite germplasm, cryopreservation, soma-clonal variability, and genetic modification have added a new dimension to the development and conservation of new elite clones for the floriculture sector. Molecular markers, in vitro mutagenesis, selection, and doubled haploid breeding are the new tools to aid the breeders to exploit and characterize genetic variability.
Micro-propagation via organogenesis for direct shoot formation is well exploited commercially for large-scale plant production using vertical and digital farming, and artificial intelligence, especially in the floriculture industry. Bioreactor technology is quite handy for large-scale production of somatic embryos and in vitro shoots, e.g., temporary immersion systems. The novel tools of genomics, nanotechnology and gene editing are well suited for designing custom-made novel traits of flowers benefiting both the ornamental and cosmetic industries.
The ornamental plant industry is a fast-growing segment in the agriculture sector. The ornamental plants have been the focus of the bioeconomy, and, the research advancements in floriculture bioscience and floricultural biotechnology have added the necessary momentum. Continued research into high-volume propagation systems through bioreactors and immersion systems is required for the industry.
Genetic modification of flowering plants for producing a variety of flower colours and other attributes related to post-harvest will benefit the breeders to develop elite clones. Such genetically modified ornamental clones will offer more benefits to growers and consumers. Despite their high commercial value, only small quanta of GM ornamentals have undergone field testing for their release into the market. With the new genomics tools and genome editing methods, it is now becoming possible to precisely alter floricultural traits.
This Research Topic aims to shed light on the cellular and molecular approaches for gaining new insights into our understanding and improving ornamental plant species for a variety of flower and leaf colours, fragrances, and plant and agronomic characters that are crucial for elite clone development for use in breeding and floriculture industry.
The topic will be presented to exemplify the impact and significance of in vitro, biotechnological, and genomics advancements for ornamental plant species. We propose to provide a platform for the research community to communicate their cutting-edge research developments in ornamental plants.
Original research, review/mini-review articles, methods, and opinion articles are invited, but not limited to, the following research areas:
- In vitro cellular developments for improved floricultural traits
- High-tech in vitro and commercial propagation systems
- Improving postharvest shelf-life and stress resilience
- Insights from Omics advancements
- Interventions of genetic engineering and precise genome editing approaches
Keywords: ornamental, plants, flowers, stress tolerance, haploidy, polyploidy, cyropreservation, genetic modification, haploid breeding, micro-propagation, nanotechnology, bioeconomy, genomics, floriculture, soma-clonal variability, omics, genetic engineering, in vitro, postharvest, shelf-life, stress resilience
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