About this Research Topic
Nutrition has received significant attention in the last few years due to the increase in research done on its impact on non-communicable chronic and degenerative diseases. Progress in global, national and local public health policies has been made, but improvements in the collection of evidence, as well as in the measurement and implementation of nutrition policy are still needed. Collaboration between policy makers and researchers varies, to a great extent, within governments and healthcare systems worldwide: on the one hand, some research produces evidence that may not be adequate, not needed, or considered insufficient by policy makers, while on the other hand, the lack of proper communication, attention to the local political context, as well as weakly policy-oriented and strategy-oriented conclusions may lead to the production of results that are subsequently not used in recommendations by decision-makers.
It is therefore unclear which evidence could be used to develop programs and policy interventions that aim to improve health. This depends upon the different perspectives of researchers and decision-makers: the former, who are focused on knowledge generation, and the latter who are focused on assessing the disease burden that could be prevented or reduced by an intervention, and how feasible those interventions might be.
This Research Topic welcomes submissions of original research and reviews of the existing literature on:
- The impact of diet and nutrition on chronic-degenerative diseases
- What counts as evidence in public health nutrition, and how it differs from evidence-based medicine
- The determinants of diet in human populations and areas amenable to public health interventions in diet
- The development of mechanisms to support the use of research evidence in developing clinical practice guidelines, health technology assessments and health policy
- Conceptualizations of the effectiveness and/or cost-effectiveness of interventions in the context of public health nutrition
- Strategies for reducing the “know-do gap” between researchers and decision makers
Keywords: Nutrition, policy, public health, evidence, health technology assessment
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.