Research Topic

Fire, Flood, and Fury – Forest Ecophysiological Response to Extreme Events

About this Research Topic

Heat waves, droughts, wind, ice-storms, fires, flooding, and insect or pathogen outbreaks can have dramatic impacts on tree and forest ecosystem function, and the frequency of such events are projected to increase in the future. These abrupt disturbance events can cause damage to hydraulic pathways, phloem or ...

Heat waves, droughts, wind, ice-storms, fires, flooding, and insect or pathogen outbreaks can have dramatic impacts on tree and forest ecosystem function, and the frequency of such events are projected to increase in the future. These abrupt disturbance events can cause damage to hydraulic pathways, phloem or cambial tissues, roots and photosynthetic performance, or induce premature branch or leaf loss without retranslocation of nutrients. All these forms of damage can have profound impacts on plant carbon balance, carbon partitioning, nutrient status and soil biogeochemical cycling that can continue long after the extreme event ends. Extreme disturbance events can even lead to complete loss of a plant population, resulting in dramatic shifts in ecosystem composition and, potentially, function. While above and belowground trait assemblages have adapted to localized periodic stressors, extreme events may intensify selection pressures on traits related to plant growth and survival. Variation in plant physiological traits implies differential damage thresholds to external drivers which, if known, could be used to predict ecosystem response to future events. However, we have little knowledge of the physiological mechanisms underlying forest response to extreme events in their environment. Consequently, current state-of-the-art models perform poorly in simulating ecological impacts of extreme events, as they either neglect or over-simplify these impacts, leading to poor projections of ecosystem function both during and after the event. Assessing the impact of extreme events on forest ecophysiology thus poses a major challenge to the community because of the very nature of such events: they are often unanticipated, and their effects can be out of proportion to the duration of the stress. Here, we bring together a collection of exciting ecophysiological research on extreme events, to both promote visibility of this growing problem, and to facilitate improved understanding of both chronic and acute stress in forest ecosystems.

We invite manuscripts that address topics related to Forest Ecophysiological Response to Extreme Events based on vigorous, objective observational studies, well-designed experiments or manipulations, meta-analyses, reviews or modeling exercises. We especially hope to attract manuscripts that test hypotheses and describe results through novel insights into ecophysiological processes, or new modeling frameworks.


Keywords: forest ecophysiology, natural disaster, forest disturbance, ecophysiological response, ecosystem composition


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

Recent Articles

Loading..

About Frontiers Research Topics

With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author.

Topic Editors

Loading..

Submission Deadlines

19 November 2018 Manuscript
19 December 2018 Manuscript Extension

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

Loading..

Topic Editors

Loading..

Submission Deadlines

19 November 2018 Manuscript
19 December 2018 Manuscript Extension

Participating Journals

Manuscripts can be submitted to this Research Topic via the following journals:

Loading..
Loading..

total views article views article downloads topic views

}
 
Top countries
Top referring sites
Loading..

Comments

Loading..

Add a comment

Add comment
Back to top
);