Research Topic

Challenges for Obesity in the 21st Century: Psychology, Nutrition, Modern Lifestyle Behavior and Neuroendocrine Responses

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About this Research Topic

Obesity is a worldwide health problem with pandemic proportions. Although its multi-factorial etiology is already recognized, psychological aspects are increasingly gaining attention in studies related to obesity. The serious fundamental question in the modern pandemic of obesity relates to the choices ...

Obesity is a worldwide health problem with pandemic proportions. Although its multi-factorial etiology is already recognized, psychological aspects are increasingly gaining attention in studies related to obesity. The serious fundamental question in the modern pandemic of obesity relates to the choices individuals make in an obesogenic environment. Diverse modern cultural features and personal lifestyles interact with the vulnerable metabolic physiology of these individuals. Depression, anxiety and stress are also closely linked to obesity. Genetic, epigenetic, neuroendocrine, and immunometabolic changes play a pivotal role in understanding the pathophysiological condition and the psychology of these individuals. Lack of comprehensive knowledge on obesity-related issues makes both prevention and treatment difficult.

This Research Topic considers the psychobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms of appetite, exercise, cognitive behavior, lifestyle habits and food intake, and whether these factors, in terms of obesity prevention and treatment, will prove to be relevant in clinical practice and behavioral strategies. Thus, understanding the dimension of the interaction between biological, psychological and environmental domains for the emergence and maintenance of obesity will likewise assist in combating this disease.

The goal of our Research Topic is to better understand the psychological role for nutrition, lifestyle behavior and neuroendocrine responses to the multi-factorial etiology of obesity, focusing on the assessment and development of clinical tools and experimental methods, using a multi-disciplinary overview.

Specific sub-topics of interest include:
- Increase the visibility of causes and consequences of our modern lifestyle resulting in obesity.
- Food intake cross-talk between emotions and neuroendocrine control: the role of exercise.
- Lifelong healthy behavior and psychoneuroimmunology aspects.
- Cognitive nutrition and future treatments in obesity.
- Potential interdisciplinary treatment for obesity and the use of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy.
- Experimental models linked to nutrition, behavior and neuroendocrine mechanisms.

We would also like to acknowledge that Amanda Moraes (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil) acted as a Topic Coordinator and has contributed to the preparation of the proposal of this Research Topic.


Keywords: obesity, behaviour, neuro-endocrine-control, lifestyle, treatment


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