About this Research Topic
Natural and anthropogenic sounds are recognized as important drivers of several ecological processes in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Sounds are fundamentally semiotic agencies used by several animals to accomplish functions like environmental orientation and migration, intra- and interspecies communication, social cohesion, food search optimization, habitat selection, etc. Sounds also are important indicators of climatic change and efficient proxies in environmental quality assessment. The acoustic quality of the environment in wild and remote ecosystems, and in human-impacted areas, represents a value to be preserved and improved for the well-being of animals and humans.
Ecoacoustics is a recent discipline that has achieved great popularity in the last decades. Nevertheless, this discipline still requires continuous investments in theory, models, and methods. Furthermore, large parts of the Earth have been little investigated from an acoustic point of view, in particular marine systems and tropical areas. Definitively, ecoacoustics is not an invasive approach to the survey and monitoring of natural and human-modified ecosystems and a larger utilization of the ecoacoustics approach could be extremely beneficial to nature conservation and mitigating the effects of climate change.
The goal of this Research Topic is to fix new information across a broad range of ecoacoustic approaches in order to create a more solid narrative and to develop new ideas, enhancing the collection of acoustic data at a global scale. In particular, we aim to improve the state-of-the-art of ecoacoustics in different regions of the Earth, developing a broad range of themes like:
• Theories and models in ecoacoustics
• Land use changes and soundscape modification: key studies in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecoacoustics
• Ecoacoustics for biodiversity inventory and nature conservation
• Ecoacoustics methods and technologies to monitor climate change and anthropogenic modification
• Ecoacoustics metrics and software
Keywords: ecoacoustics, theory and models in ecoacoustics, methods in ecoacoustics, monitoring climate change, acoustic environmental quality assessment
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