About this Research Topic
The cornea, a very important and unique biological tissue, serves as the major refractive element to convey images from the environment to the retina and protects the eyeball contents through its physical and physiologic properties. The material properties of the tissue play an important role in maintaining a suitable corneal shape and prevention of various pathologies. In recent years, interest in corneal biomechanics has grown strongly since a better understanding of corneal biomechanics will; (1) help improve refractive surgery planning, (2) allow an earlier diagnosis of ectatic disorders and better quantification of treatments aimed at manipulating corneal structure or shape, and (3) monitor the safety and efficacy of treatments such as long-term use of eye drops that could change corneal biological or mechanical properties. For these reasons, research on corneal biomechanics can greatly guide and benefit clinical applications.
The problems we would like to tackle in this Research Topic include:
• How the factors determining corneal biomechanical properties change and how they affect outcomes of clinical procedures;
• Advances in the measurement of corneal biomechanical properties and a better understanding of their principles, applications, and future development needs;
• Clinical relevance of corneal biomechanics, such as using biomechanical analysis to guide corneal refractive surgery or orthokeratology;
• Modeling and analyzing corneal biomechanics to achieve better customization of clinical practice in ophthalmology.
The goal of this Research Topic is to bring together Reviews and Original Research articles in this field and provide a thorough understanding of corneal biomechanics in various fields of clinical application. In this Research Topic we would like to see:
• Evaluation of corneal biomechanical properties both ex-vivo and in-vivo
• Effect of various refractive surgeries on corneal biomechanics and also effects of corneal biomechanics on refractive surgery outcomes
• Role of corneal biomechanics in planning use orthokeratology contact lenses
• Role of corneal biomechanics in keratoconus diagnosis and treatments including cross-linking and implantation of intracorneal ring segments
• Effect of corneal biomechanics on intraocular pressure measurement
• Corneal biomechanics and medicine
Keywords: Cornea, Corneal Biomechanics, Opthalmology, Intraocular Pressure
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.