About this Research Topic
The COVID-19 outbreak has affected populations across the world. In a short time, we were exposed to a critical situation, faced with numerous medical, social, and economic challenges. While the medical community has focused on developing successful diagnostic and medical treatments, many countries have introduced far-reaching restrictions on daily life to prevent and control the spread of the virus. In many cases, this resulted in a complete shut-down of whole cities, regions, and even countries. The resulting changes to working patterns (e.g. extended working hours, loss of jobs) and living circumstances have had a large impact on the supply, purchase, preparation, and consumption of food. Typical measures included limiting social and physical interactions, closing schools, hotels, restaurants, and other non-critical infrastructure, encouraging people to work from home, limiting the operation of food stores (including the ability for adequate inspection and enforcement activity to take place), and also limiting people's ability to leave their home. Many international borders were closed, which limited the supply of goods, including food. In some areas, food supply chains were completely broken or drastically changed with food business operators needing to adopt new business models, e.g. suppliers reorienting themselves to new markets, increases in the need for delivery. Supplying food also presents possible risks for infection, both environmentally (i.e. in food stores) or through contaminated foods/packaging. Changes in purchase patterns e.g. bulk buying of perishable foods may lead to the use of food that is no longer safe or suboptimal in terms of nutrient content, stockpiling has led to certain foods being in very limited supply. Increased demand for certain products may compromise levels of supply. The communication about food by governments, public health authorities, individual experts, and influencers, using a wide variety of media channels is an integral element of COVID-19 information exchange has also increased, ranging from the sharing of information as to how to cope with changing food availability to risks associated with the purchase, storage, and consumption of food.
The measures to prevent and control the spread of COVID-19 and their outcomes had a profound effect on the food supply, dietary patterns, and nutrition of billions of people, raising a number of research questions. A Research Topic covering the abovementioned topics was launched at beginning of the epidemic, to provide insights into the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on food supply, nutrition, and dietary patterns. With this Volume 2, we would like to continue to gather this valuable and timely research as we enter post-pandemic time. Of particular interest are articles focussing on the following:
· After-pandemic effects of COVID-19 pandemic on eating behavior and dietary practices
· The effect of COVID-19 on the food supply
· Changes in food preparation, access to (healthy) food, food preparation, meal patterns, etc. due to COVID-19
· Identification and perception of new food (supply) related risks
· Reasons behind consumer responses and influencing factors
· Evaluation of insecurities and risks in the food chain
· Trust in the food supply chain and food safety
Keywords: COVID-19, eating behaviour, dietary intake, risk identification and perception, food supply, food safety, food security, food practices
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.