About this Research Topic
Several practical difficulties hinder the studies of advanced cognition in NHP models in naturalistic conditions. The primary limitation is methodological, including experimental design and data acquisition and analysis. However, several technological advances have significantly expanded the ability to investigate internal cognitive states and naturalistic behavior in restrained and unrestrained NHPs, including automatic 3D behavioral tracking and analysis systems, wireless high-density electrode arrays and recording devices, virtual-reality settings, enclosure-based experiment systems, and new imaging methods to record natural sensory scenes. Also, we are closer to probing the neural circuits underlying cognitive behavior in naturalistic contexts, thanks to the availability of novel mathematical analysis methods, high-dimensionality data statistics, dimension-reduction techniques, and computational modeling.
Our research topic aims to provide an arena for reviewing accumulated knowledge, disseminating the latest research, and highlighting promising innovations in NHP research on dynamic cognition under naturalistic contexts. In addition, we hope this arena will catalyze exciting and insightful discussions and help future directions in this research domain.
We welcome different forms of original articles, reviews, and perspectives in our scope of NHP studies in naturalistic conditions. We are particularly interested in research articles and methods-based articles addressing the following topics:
1) Behavioral and neurophysiological studies in NHP that consider their dynamic, internal cognitive states under natural contexts (e.g., motivation, attention, social environment, development)
2) Behavioral and electrophysiological studies on freely moving NHP in their enclosure
3) NHP experiments utilizing naturalistic stimuli to study sensory encoding, motor control, or cognitive processes
4) NHP studies comparing experimental results obtained under restrained, redundant setup against those carried out in more naturalistic conditions
5) Computational modeling of neural mechanisms or behaviors considering natural contexts or naturalistic stimuli
6) New analysis tools or related technologies facilitating NHP studies of the neural mechanisms in natural contexts.
Keywords: nonhuman primates, behavioral neurobiology, cognitive states, natural behavior, naturalistic context, neural mechanisms, computational modeling
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.