About this Research Topic
Primary cilia dysfunction plays a significant role in hereditary organ-specific or syndromic diseases summarized as ciliopathies, such as Leber’s congenital amaurosis, polycystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, Meckel-Gruber syndrome, Joubert syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Alström syndrome, Senior-Løken syndrome, otopalatodigital syndrome, orofaciodigital syndrome, Jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, Ellis–van Creveld syndrome, Sensenbrenner syndrome (cranioectodermal dysplasia) and others. The clinical picture ranges from isolated organ manifestations, e.g. restriction to the eye in Leber’s congenital amaurosis, to syndromic and severe diseases, such as the Meckel-Gruber syndrome which is characterized by defects in the central nervous system (most frequently occipital encephalocele), postaxial polydactyly, cystic kidneys, cystic liver, ductal proliferation in the portal area of the liver, eye defects (e.g. microphthalmia), orofacial clefts and heart abnormalities. To this end, it is unclear to what extent the molecular mechanisms underlying ciliopathies include impaired cilia-regulated proteostasis and/or cilia-controlled energy homeostasis.
This research topic is planned to bring together expertise from the field to get an overview of the different cilia-mediated signal transduction pathways that are involved in the regulation of proteostasis and energy homeostasis. In this way, the research topic contributes to the important endeavor to provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying ciliopathies to develop novel treatment strategies.
Keywords: primary cilia, proteostasis, cellular energy homeostasis, signal transduction pathways, ciliopathies
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