Research Topic

Brain-inspired Machine Learning and Computation for Brain-Behavior Analysis

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About this Research Topic

Machine learning, artificial intelligence, and deep learning are revolutionizing the field of neuroscience by enabling machines to detect complex patterns, automatically generate hypotheses, and create interpretable models revealing biological mechanisms. Using machine learning, we can analyze neuroscientific ...

Machine learning, artificial intelligence, and deep learning are revolutionizing the field of neuroscience by enabling machines to detect complex patterns, automatically generate hypotheses, and create interpretable models revealing biological mechanisms. Using machine learning, we can analyze neuroscientific data to provide a better understanding of both the normal cognitive and pathological processes in brain disorders, leading to new treatment plans for them. This knowledge also will help us design next-generation brain-inspired artificial intelligence, potentially leading to a harmonized society of humans and robots.

The main focus of this Research Topic is brain-inspired machine learning algorithms and computational models which links brain and behavior, including machine learning algorithms, mathematical models, signal and image processing, computer vision, big data analytics, and statistical analyses. These algorithms or models can reveal the mechanism underlying normal or diseased brain processes, or mimic some aspect of brain computing (simulation). This Research Topic will seek contributions that focus on the following topics: (1) decoding neural activities using advanced interpretable machine learning methods, (2) network analysis methods to model interactions among different components, including brain structural and functional network analysis, (3) mathematical/computational models explaining a cognitive process such as rewarding.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:
• Neural decoding
• Models for cognitive or emotional processes
• Machine learning methods to analyze neural activity data such as calcium imaging, EEG, MR
• Brain network analysis
• Temporal modeling of neural activity data
• Multiscale analysis
• Integrated system of neural decoding and neuromodulation
• Brain-inspired computing and devices
• Multimodal neuroimaging and data fusion
• Scalable, high-performance, or real-time algorithms to process massive brain datasets


Keywords: Machine learning, deep learning, brain-inspired computing, brain imaging, behavioral neuroscience


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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