Research Topic

Unravelling the Role of Time in Psychological Contract Process

  • Submission closed.

About this Research Topic

For 25 years the psychological contract has been a valuable tool in understanding and managing positive employee-employer relationships. Although originally conceptualized as a dynamic construct that is formed, maintained, disrupted, and repaired over time, we lack an extensive understanding of the ...

For 25 years the psychological contract has been a valuable tool in understanding and managing positive employee-employer relationships. Although originally conceptualized as a dynamic construct that is formed, maintained, disrupted, and repaired over time, we lack an extensive understanding of the psychological contract as a time-based process. This is because most empirical work on the psychological contract and its underlying mechanisms has been cross-sectional, multi-wave, or longitudinal with few time points and has not considered directly the role of time in psychological contract processes. As such, much of our understanding is based on a very limited timeframe, and often only on a single snapshot, of the employee-employer relationship. Moreover, most research designs and analytic methods used in contemporary psychological contract research presume linear associations between psychological contract breach and negative attitudinal (e.g., reduced job satisfaction and organizational commitment) and behavioral (e.g., increased turnover and counterproductive work behavior) reactions. Such assumptions limit the ability of the literature as a whole to capture the true dynamic nature of the employee-employer relationship.

To fully understand how psychological contracts develop and affect employees’ reactions, we must acknowledge and incorporate the role of time in theory. Doing so will enable researchers to explore the emergence of, or change in, the psychological contract and its antecedents/consequences, the stability (or lack thereof) of psychological contract breach reactions, the rate of change in psychological contract breach reactions over short and long-term time-lags (e.g., minutes, hours, days, or weeks), and the duration of these effects (e.g., immediate, delayed, or lingering), both in design and analytic approach. Recent advancements in psychological contract theory (e.g., Psychological Contract Theory 2.0 and the Post Violation Model) specify how an employee’s psychological contract is created, maintained, and changed over the course of the employment relationship. These theoretical developments moreover recognize that different processes operate at distinct times and unfold at various speeds over the duration of the employment relationship. Moreover, they detail specifically how employees recover from a psychological contract breach over time.

Although these theoretical developments lay the foundation for exciting new avenues of research, a major challenge stills looms, namely, how to identify and select appropriate time-lags to investigate psychological contract processes. To accurately match theoretical propositions with the appropriate methodology (e.g., experience sampling study, event-related sampling, daily diary study) we need to incorporate the exciting and novel advances in understanding time in theory. Psychological contract research only recently started to incorporate and exploit the true meaning of time to, for example, fully understand the exact duration of a psychological contract phase or post-violation trajectory. The present Research Topic is aimed at advancing the field of psychological contracts by exchanging valuable knowledge concerning the incorporation of time in psychological contract-related theories, methodologies, and statistics.


Keywords: Psychological contracts, Violation feelings, Dynamics, Positive and Negative Disruptions, Time


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

Recent Articles

Loading..

About Frontiers Research Topics

With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author.

Topic Editors

Loading..

Submission Deadlines

Submission closed.

Participating Journals

Loading..

Topic Editors

Loading..

Submission Deadlines

Submission closed.

Participating Journals

Loading..
Loading..

total views article views article downloads topic views

}
 
Top countries
Top referring sites
Loading..

Comments

Loading..

Add a comment

Add comment
Back to top