About this Research Topic
Environmental pollution including CO2 emission is already a major global issue mainly due to increasing population, rapid industrialization, urbanization and fast exploitation of natural resources including minerals and petroleum. Pollutants in any physical, chemical and biological forms are detrimental to ecosystems at different functional levels. The present remediation technologies are not efficient enough to treat the pollutants to acceptable level. Thus, various researchers are working on advanced bioremediation approaches as an emerging technology for the treatment of contamination in various ecosystems. One example of such recent approaches is biomineralization with its successful application in radionuclide entrapment and retardation, soil stabilization, remediation of cracks in building structures and restoration of cultural heritages. Other emerging bioremediation methods include electrobioremediation, microbe-assisted phytoremediation, genetic recombinant technologies in enhancing plants in accumulation of inorganic metals and metalloids as well as degradation of organic pollutants, protein-metabolic engineering to enhance bioremediation efficiency, nanobiotechnology, system biology to bioremediation and so on.
This Research Topic is intended to have an overall coverage of the bioremediation from new innovation of ideas, approaches, and research execution to illustrate the future new directions and new discoveries. Because of this, the individual manuscript will deal with the focal topic from molecular levels of genes, proteins, cells, individual organisms, complex community and ecosystem to address the identified topic. By doing so, some new research and application concepts may be illuminated for future research and direct the future initiatives of young scientists.
This Research Topic intends to cover established and up-to-date researche on emerging trends in bioremediation of all types of media (air, soil, sediment, mines, surface water, groundwater, industrial wastewater and so on) for metals, recalcitrant compounds and other pollutants, including new emerging endocrine-disrupting chemicals from pharmaceuticals, medicines, nanomaterials, personal care products, paints and coatings. Contributions from both experimental and numerical researchers are encouraged. Reports on field trials are of special interest.
This research topic welcomes contributions in the following areas:
- Emerging bioremediation approach in the treatment of pollutants
- Bioremediation approach in the treatment of new emerging contaminants
- Enzymatic bioremediation and biogeochemistry
- Bioremediation in agriculture
- Mathematical modelling and performance evaluation of bioremediation processes
- Biomineralization and biomining of inorganics
- Bioremediation for restoration of building materials and heritages
- Molecular aspects of recent bioremediation approaches including system biology approach to bioremediation
- Knowledge gaps and limitations in field application strategies of bioremediation
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.