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Recent Developments in Neuroanatomical Terminology

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Front. Neuroanat. | doi: 10.3389/fnana.2018.00093

Towards a Common Terminology for the Gyri and Sulci of The Human Cerebral Cortex

  • 1Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • 2Université de Bordeaux, France
  • 3Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Germany

The gyri and sulci of the human brain were defined by pioneers such as Louis-Pierre Gratiolet and Alexander Ecker, and extensified by, among others, Dejerine (1895) and von Economo and Koskinas (1925). Extensive discussions of the cerebral sulci and their variations were presented by Ono et al. (1990), Duvernoy (1992), Tamraz and Comair (2000) and Rhoton (2007). An anatomical parcellation of the spatially normalized single high resolution T1 volume provided by the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI; Collins, 1994; Collins et al., 1998) was used for the macroscopical labeling of functional studies (Tzourio-Mazoyer et al., 2002; Rolls et al., 2015). In the standard atlas of the human brain by Mai et al. (2016), the terminology from Mai and Paxinos (2012) is used. It contains an extensively analyzed individual brain hemisphere in the MNI-space. A recent revision of the terminology on the central nervous system in the Terminologia Anatomica (TA, 1998) was made by the Working Group Neuroanatomy of the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA), and posted online as the Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA, 2017: http://FIPAT.library.dal.ca) as the official FIPAT terminology. This review deals with the various terminologies for the cerebral gyri and sulci, aiming for a common terminology.

Keywords: terminology, Gyri, Sulci, Cerebral Cortex, human brain

Received: 08 Sep 2018; Accepted: 16 Oct 2018.

Edited by:

Marcello Rosa, Monash University, Australia

Reviewed by:

Charles R. Watson, Curtin University, Australia
Muhammad A. Spocter, Des Moines University, United States  

Copyright: © 2018 ten Donkelaar, Tzourio-Mazoyer and Mai. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Hans J. ten Donkelaar, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands, hans.tendonkelaar@radboudumc.nl