Original Research ARTICLE
Adult islet1 expression outlines ventralized derivatives along zebrafish neuraxis
- 1Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
- 2Department of Biology II, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
Signals issued by dorsal roof and ventral floor plates, respectively, underlie the major patterning process of dorsalization and ventralization during vertebrate neural tube development. The ventrally produced morphogen Sonic hedgehog (SHH) is crucial for vertebrate hindbrain and spinal motor neuron development. One diagnostic gene for motor neurons is the LIM/homeodomain gene islet1, which has additional ventral expression domains extending into mid- and forebrain.
In order to corroborate motor neuron development and, in particular, to improve on the identification of poorly documented zebrafish forebrain islet1 populations, we studied adult brains of transgenic islet1-GFP zebrafish (3 & 6 months). This molecular neuroanatomical analysis was supported by immunostaining these brains for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) or choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), respectively, revealing zebrafish catecholaminergic and cholinergic neurons.
The present analysis of ChAT and islet1-GFP label confirms ongoing adult expression of islet1 in zebrafish (basal plate) midbrain, hindbrain, and spinal motor neurons . In contrast, non-motor cholinergic systems lack islet1 expression. Additional presumed basal plate islet1 positive systems are described in detail, aided by TH staining which is particulary informative in the diencephalon. Finally, alar plate zebrafish forebrain systems with islet1 expression are described (i.e., thalamus, preoptic region, subpallium).
We conclude that adult zebrafish continue to express islet1 in the same brain systems as in the larva. Further, pending functional confirmation we hypothesize that the larval expression of sonic hedgehog (shh) might causally underlie much of adult islet1 expression because it explains findings beyond ventrally located systems, for example regarding shh expression in the zona limitans intrathalamica and correlated islet1-GFP expression in the thalamus.
Keywords: Basal plate, alar plate, Ventralization, Longitudinal gene expression, preoptic and anterior hypothalamus, Basal Ganglia, cholinergic systems, catecholamine systems, Dopamine
Received: 15 Nov 2018;
Accepted: 01 Feb 2019.
Edited by:Agustín González, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
Reviewed by:Nerea Moreno, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
Ramon Anadon, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Copyright: © 2019 Baeuml, Biechl and Wullimann. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Mario F. Wullimann, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Department of Biology II, Munich, D-82152, Germany, email@example.com