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Front. Hum. Neurosci. | doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00065

The lateral prefrontal cortex and selection/inhibition in ADHD

  • 1Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

A previous paper from our lab (Ben Shalom, 2009) presented evidence that the medial part of the prefrontal cortex is involved in the integration of raw, unintegrated information into coherent, wholistic mental representations such as perceptual objects, episodic memories, emotional states and motor actions. It has used this analysis to classify some challenges encountered by people with Autism Spectrum Disorders, linking different types of difficulties in integration with different subareas of the medial prefrontal cortex. The current paper performs a similar analysis for the corresponding subareas of the lateral prefrontal cortex. It presents evidence that the lateral part of the prefrontal cortex is involved in the selection/inhibition of perceptual, memory, emotion, and motor aspects of processing. It then uses this analysis to classify challenges encountered by people with ADHD, linking different types of difficulties in selection/inhibition to different subareas of the lateral prefrontal cortex.

Keywords: ADHD, inhibition, selection, Control, LPFC

Received: 14 Aug 2017; Accepted: 05 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Yoram S. Bonneh, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Reviewed by:

Vadim Axelrod, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Tami Katzir, University of Haifa, Israel  

Copyright: © 2018 Ronel. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mr. Ziv Ronel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel, ronelziv@gmail.com