Original Research ARTICLE
GSTM1 copy number is not associated with risk of kidney failure in a large cohort
- 1Geisinger Health System, United States
- 2Johns Hopkins University, United States
- 3Kidney Institute, Geisinger Health System, United States
Deletion of glutathione S-transferase µ1 (GSTM1) is common in populations and has been asserted to associate with chronic kidney disease progression in some research studies. The association needs to be validated. We estimated GSTM1 copy number using whole exome sequencing data in the DiscovEHR cohort. Kidney failure was defined as requiring dialysis or receiving kidney transplant using data from the electronic health record and linkage to the United States Renal Data System, or the most recent eGFR < 15 ml/min/1.73m2. In a cohort of 46,983 unrelated participants, 28.8% of blacks and 52.1% of whites had 0 copies of GSTM1. Over a mean of 9.2 years follow-up, 645 kidney failure events were observed in 46,187 white participants, and 28 in 796 black participants. No significant association was observed between GSTM1 copy number and kidney failure in Cox regression adjusting for age, sex, BMI, smoking status, genetic principal components, or co-morbid conditions (hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, coronary artery disease, and stroke), whether using a genotypic, dominant, or recessive model. In sensitivity analyses, GSTM1 copy number was not associated with kidney failure in participants that were 45 years or older at baseline, had baseline eGFR < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2, or with baseline year between 1996-2002. In conclusion, we found no association between GSTM1 copy number and kidney failure in a large cohort study.
Keywords: GSTM1, Kidney failure, Large cohort, electronic healt records, Copy number (CN)
Received: 11 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 19 Jul 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Zhang, Zafar, Hartzel, Williams, Tin, Chang and Lee. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Ming Ta Michael Lee, Geisinger Health System, Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, firstname.lastname@example.org