Original Research ARTICLE
A Novel Long Noncoding RNA, lncR-125b, Promotes the Differentiation of Goat Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cells by Sponging miR-125b
- 1Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as essential regulators of skeletal myogenesis, but few myogenesis-associated lncRNAs have been identified and our understanding of their regulatory mechanisms remains limited, particularly in goat. Here, we identified a novel lncRNA, TCONS_00006810 (named lncR-125b), from our previous lncRNA sequencing data on fetal (45, 60, and 105 days of gestation, three biological replicates for each point) and postnatal (3 days after birth, n=3) goat skeletal muscle, and found that it is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and gradually upregulated during skeletal muscle satellite cell (SMSC) differentiation in goat. Notably, overexpression of lncR-125b accelerated the expression of myogenic differentiation 1 (MyoD 1) and myogenin (MyoG), and the formation of myotubes, and knockdown of lncR-125b showed opposite effects in SMSCs. Results of dual-luciferase assay and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that lncR-125b acts as a molecular sponge for miR-125b and that insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), a critical regulator of skeletal myogenesis, is a direct target gene of miR-125b. Further analyses showed that lncR-125b negatively regulates miR-125b expression and positively regulates IGF2 expression in SMSCs. Mechanistically, lncR-125b promotes SMSC differentiation by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-125b to control IGF2 expression. These findings identify lncR-125b as a novel noncoding regulator of muscle cell differentiation and skeletal muscle development in goat.
Keywords: lnc125b, ceRNA, miR-125b, IGF2, Muscle differentiation, Goat
Received: 23 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 23 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 ZHAN, Qin, Li, Zhao, Nie, Zhong, Cao, Guo, Wang, Li and Zhang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mx. Hongping Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, China, email@example.com