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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Genet. | doi: 10.3389/fgene.2019.01225

First evidence of realized selection response on fillet yield in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, using sib selection or based on correlated ultrasound measurements

 Marc Vandeputte1, 2*,  Jérôme Bugeon3, Anastasia Bestin4,  Alexandre Desgranges5,  Jean-Michel Allamellou6, Anne-Sophie Tyran4,  François Allal1, Mathilde Dupont-Nivet2 and  Pierrick Haffray4
  • 1UMR9190 Centre pour la biodiversité marine, l'exploitation et la conservation (MARBEC), France
  • 2INRA UMR1313 Genetique Animale et Biologie Integrative, France
  • 3INRA Laboratoire de Physiologie et Génomique des Poissons (LPGP), France
  • 4SYSAAF, France
  • 5Les Aquaculteurs Bretons, France
  • 6Laboratoire d'Analyses Génétiques pour les Espèces Animales, France

Fillet yield, the proportion of edible fillet relative to body weight, is a major trait to improve in fish sold processed, as it has a direct impact on profitability and can simultaneously decrease the environmental impact of producing a given amount of fillet. However, it is difficult to improve by selective breeding, because it cannot be measured on live breeding candidates, its phenotypic variation is low, and, as a ratio, it is not normally distributed and a same change in fillet yield can be the result of different changes in fillet weight and body weight.
Residual headless gutted carcass weight (rHGCW) is heritable and highly genetically correlated to Fillet% in rainbow trout, and can be predicted by the ratio of abdominal wall thickness to depth of the peritoneal cavity (E8/E23), measured on live fish by ultrasound tomography. We selected broodstock based on rHGCW, measured on sibs of the selection candidates, on ultrasound measurements (E8/E23) measured on the selection candidates, or a combination of both. Seven broodstock groups were selected: fish with 15% highest (rHGCW+) or lowest (rHGCW-) EBV for rHGCW, with 15% highest (E8/E23+) or lowest (E8/E23-) EBV for E8/E23, with both rHGCW+ and E8/E23+ (Both+) or rHGCW- and E8/E23- (Both-), or with close to zero EBVs for both traits (Mid). Seven corresponding groups of offspring were produced and reared communally. At harvest size (1.5 kg mean weight), 1561 trout were slaughtered, measured for the traits of interest and pedigreed with DNA fingerprinting.
Offspring from groups Both+, rHGCW+ and E8/E23+ had a higher EBV for rHGCW than the control group, while down-selected groups had a lower EBV. Looking at the phenotypic mean for Fillet% (correlated response), up-selected fish had more fillet than down-selected fish. The highest difference was between Both+ (69.36%) and Both- (68.20%), a 1.16% units difference in fillet percentage. The change in Fillet% was explained by an opposite change in Viscera%, while Head% remained stable. Selection using sib information on rHGCW was on average more efficient than selection using the candidates’ own E8/E23 phenotypes, and downward selection (decreasing Fillet%) was more efficient than upward selection.

Keywords: Aquaculture, Fillet yield, selective breeding, Selection response, Production Efficiency, heritability

Received: 05 Jun 2018; Accepted: 05 Nov 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Vandeputte, Bugeon, Bestin, Desgranges, Allamellou, Tyran, Allal, Dupont-Nivet and Haffray. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Marc Vandeputte, UMR9190 Centre pour la biodiversité marine, l'exploitation et la conservation (MARBEC), Sete, 34250, France, marc.vandeputte@inra.fr