Original Research ARTICLE
A kinetic map of the homomeric voltage-gated potassium channel (Kv) family
- 1Blue Brain Project, Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland
- 2École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
The voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels, encoded by 40 genes, repolarize all electrically excitable cells, including plant, cardiac and neuronal cells. Although these genes were fully sequenced decades ago, a comprehensive kinetic characterization of all Kv channels is still missing, especially near physiological temperature. Here, we present a standardized kinetic map of the 40 homomeric Kv channels systematically characterized at 15°C, 25°C and 35°C. Importantly, the Kv kinetics at 35°C differ significantly from commonly reported kinetics, usually performed at room temperature. We observed voltage-dependent Q10 for all active Kv channels and inherent heterogeneity in kinetics for some of them. Kinetic properties are consistent across different host cell lines and conserved across mouse, rat and human. All electrophysiology data from all Kv channels are made available through public website (Channelpedia). This dataset provides a solid foundation for exploring kinetics of heteromeric channels, roles of auxiliary subunits, kinetic modulation, and for building accurate Kv models.
Keywords: ion channel, Kv, automated patch clamp electrophysiology, CHO - Chinese hamster ovary, Kinetics
Received: 28 Jan 2019;
Accepted: 19 Jul 2019.
Edited by:Maria C. D'Adamo, University of Malta, Malta
Reviewed by:Robert Brenner, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, United States
Pietro Balbi, Department of Neurorehabilitation, IRCCS Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri (ICS Maugeri), Italy
Copyright: © 2019 Ranjan, LOGETTE, Marani, Herzog, Tache and Markram. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Rajnish Ranjan, Blue Brain Project, Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Geneva, 1202, Geneva, Switzerland, firstname.lastname@example.org