A Review on Blockchain Technology and Blockchain Projects Fostering Open Science
- 1The Graduate School of Offenburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
- 2FIZ Karlsruhe – Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure, Germany
- 3University of Wuppertal, Germany
Many sectors, like finance, medicine, manufacturing, and education, use blockchain applications to profit from the unique bundle of characteristics of this technology. Blockchain technology (BT) promises benefits in trustability, collaboration, organization, identification, credibility, and transparency. In this paper, we conduct an analysis in which we show how open science can benefit from this technology and its properties. For this, we determined the requirements of an open science ecosystem and compared them with the characteristics of BT to prove that the technology suits as an infrastructure. We also review literature and promising blockchain-based projects for open science to describe the current research situation. To this end, we examine the projects in particular for their relevance and contribution to open science and categorize them afterwards according to their primary purpose. Several of them already provide functionalities that can have a positive impact on current research workflows. So, BT offers promising possibilities for its use in science, but why is it then not used on a large-scale in that area? To answer this question, we point out various shortcomings, challenges, unanswered questions, and research potentials that we found in the literature and identified during our analysis. These topics shall serve as starting points for future research to foster the BT for open science and beyond, especially in the long-term.
Keywords: Blockchain, Open Science, ecosystem, infrastructure, review, Research Potentials, requirements
Received: 22 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 08 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Leible, Schlager, Schubotz and Gipp. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mx. Stephan Leible, The Graduate School of Offenburg University of Applied Sciences, Offenburg, Germany, Ste.Leible@gmail.com