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This article is part of the Research Topic

Oceanobs19: An Ocean of Opportunity

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Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00277

Evolving and Sustaining Ocean Best Practices and Standards for the Next Decade

  • 1Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (France), France
  • 2U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System, United States
  • 3Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Germany
  • 4UMR7093 Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), France
  • 5The Alfred Hospital, Australia
  • 6Institute for Science, Ethics, France
  • 7Central Caribbean Marine Institute, Cayman Islands
  • 8GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
  • 9Coast observation and prediction system of the Balearic Islands (SOCIB), Spain
  • 10Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (Belgium), Belgium
  • 11Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
  • 12South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), South Africa
  • 13United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, France
  • 14Ocean Networks Canada, Canada
  • 15Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Italy
  • 16Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research (LG), Germany
  • 17Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), France
  • 18National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States
  • 19Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), France
  • 20Italian National Research Council (CNR), Italy
  • 21British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC), United Kingdom
  • 22Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA), United States
  • 23Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Spain
  • 24National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 25Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands, Spain
  • 26National Center of Ocean Standards and Metrology, China
  • 27Marine Institute, Ireland
  • 28Technopôle Brest-Iroise, France
  • 29National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Italy
  • 3052°North GmbH, Germany
  • 31University of Tasmania, Australia
  • 32ETT Solutions Ltd, Italy
  • 33Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
  • 34University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), United States
  • 35Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Greece
  • 36ISSIA CNR – Genova, Italy
  • 37University of Bologna, Italy
  • 38Geoscience Australia, Australia
  • 39University of Bergen, Norway
  • 40University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES), United States
  • 41Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
  • 42University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 43Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Germany
  • 44Dalhousie University, Canada

The oceans play a key role in global issues such as climate change, food security and human health. Given their vast dimensions and internal complexity, efficient monitoring and predicting of the planet’s ocean must be a collaborative effort of both regional and global scale. A first and foremost requirement for such collaborative ocean observing is the need to follow well-defined and reproducible methods across activities: from strategies for structuring observing systems, sensor deployment and usage, and the generation of data and information products, to ethical and governance aspects when executing ocean observing. To meet the urgent, planet-wide challenges we face, methods across all aspects of ocean observing must evolve into “Ocean Best Practices”.
While many groups have created best practices, they are scattered across the Web or buried in local repositories and many have yet to be digitized. To reduce this fragmentation, we introduce a new open access, permanent, digital repository of best practices documentation ( that is part of the Ocean Best Practices System (OBPS). The new OBPS provides an opportunity space for the centralized and coordinated improvement of ocean observing methods. The OBPS repository employs user-friendly software to significantly improve discovery and access to methods. The software includes advanced semantic technologies for search capabilities to enhance repository operations. In addition to the repository, the OBPS also includes a peer reviewed Journal Research Topic, a forum for community discussion and a training activity for use of best practices. Together, these components serve to realize a core objective of the OBPS, which is to enable the ocean community to create superior methods for every activity in ocean observing from research to operations to applications that are agreed upon and broadly adopted across communities. Using selected ocean observing examples, we show how the OBPS supports this objective. This paper lays out a future vision of ocean best practices and how OBPS will contribute to improving ocean observing in the decade to come.

Keywords: interoperability, digital repository, best practices, ontologies, value chain, sustainability, Ocean observing, Methodologies, Peer Review

Received: 31 Oct 2018; Accepted: 08 May 2019.

Edited by:

Hervé Claustre, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France

Reviewed by:

Louis Legendre, University Paris 06
Marlon R. Lewis, Dalhousie University, Canada  

Copyright: © 2019 Pearlman, Bushnell, Coppola, Buttigieg, Pearlman, Simpson, Barbier, Karstensen, Muller-Karger, Munoz-Mas, Pissierssens, Chandler, Hermes, Heslop, Jenkyns, Achterberg, Bensi, Bittig, Blandin, Bosch, Bourlès, Bozzano, Buck, Burger, Cano, Cardin, Charcos Llorens, Cianca, Hua, Cusack, Delory, Garello, Giovanetti, Harscoat, Heitsenrether, Jirka, Lara-Lopez, Lanteri, Leadbetter, Manzella, Masó, Mccurdy, Moussat, Ntoumas, Pensieri, Petihakis, Pinardi, Pouliquen, Przeslawski, Roden, Silke, Tamburri, Tang, Tanhua, Testor, Thomas, Waldmann and Whoriskey. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
PhD. Jay S. Pearlman, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (France), Paris, France,
Mr. Chen Hua, National Center of Ocean Standards and Metrology, Tianjin, China,