Original Research ARTICLE
Muscular Adaptations to Whole Body Blood Flow Restriction Training and Detraining
- 1Sport Science Department, Aspire Academy for Sports Excellence, Qatar
- 2Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Monash University, Australia
- 3School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Australia
Resistance training with blood flow restriction is typically performed during single exercises for the lower- or upper-body, which may not replicate real world programming. The present study examined the change in muscle strength and mass in a young healthy population during an 8-week whole body resistance training program, as well as monitoring these adaptations following a 4-week detraining period. Thirty-nine participants (27 males, 12 females) were allocated into four groups: blood flow restriction training (BFR-T); moderate-heavy load training (HL-T), light-load training (LL-T) or a non-exercise control (CON). Testing measurements were taken at Baseline, during mid-point of training (week 4), end of training (week 8) and following four weeks of de-training (week 12) and included anthropometrics, body composition, muscle thickness at seven sites, and maximal dynamic strength (1RM) for six resistance exercises. Whole body resistance training with BFR significantly improved lower- and upper-body strength (overall; 11% increase in total tonnage), however this was similar to LL-T (12%), but both groups were lower in comparison with HL-T (21%) and all groups greater than CON. Some markers of body composition (e.g. lean mass) and muscle thickness significantly increased over the course of the 8-week training period, but these were similar across all groups. Following de-training, whole body strength remained significantly elevated for both BFR-T (6%) and HL-T (14%), but only the HL-T group remained higher than all other groups. Overall, whole body resistance training with blood flow restriction was shown to be an effective training mode to increase muscular strength and mass. However, traditional moderate-heavy load resistance training resulted in greater adaptations in muscle strength and mass as well as higher levels of strength maintenance following detraining.
Keywords: strength training, vascular occlusion, BFR, Resistance exercise, Rehabilitation, Hypertrophy
Received: 02 Jan 2019;
Accepted: 08 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Brandner, Kidgell and Warmington. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Christopher R. Brandner, Aspire Academy for Sports Excellence, Sport Science Department, Doha, Qatar, email@example.com