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Front. Physiol.
Sec. Exercise Physiology
Volume 15 - 2024 | doi: 10.3389/fphys.2024.1380024
This article is part of the Research Topic A Physiologically-Based Approach to Study Different Types of Locomotion in Association with Core Performance View all 11 articles

The Effects of Aerobic Gymnastics Training on Performance-Related Variables in an Elite Athlete: A Two-Year Follow-up Study

Provisionally accepted
  • Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

    This study investigates individual performance adaptations on two years of training between European Aerobics Championships. An elite, 22-year-old aerobic gymnast performed postural coordination test, Y-Balance test, countermovement jumps, 60 s test of repeated jumps, an isokinetic leg muscle strength test, and the Wingate test. Postural stability and flexibility improved in terms of increased distance achieved in the Y-Balance test in the anterior (by 6.3%), posteromedial (by 2%), and posterolateral (by 4.8%) directions. Lower limb muscular endurance also increased, which can be corroborated by a reduced fatigue index in the 60 s test of repeated jumps (from 42% to 27% after the 1 st and to 22% after the 2 nd year of training). In addition, mean power increased during dominant (at 60°/s by 23.2% and 180°/s by 18.5%) and non-dominant leg extension (at 180°/s by 4.9% and 300°/s by 15.5%), plus dominant leg flexion (at 60°/s by 2.0% and 300°/s by 6.9%). Similarly, peak torque/body weight ratio increased during dominant (at 60°/s by 24.9%, 180°/s by 11.5%, and 300°/s by 2.1%) and nondominant leg extension (at 60°/s by 0.5% and 300°/s by 6.4%), plus dominant leg flexion (at 60°/s by 1.7% and 300°/s by 5.4%). However, two years of training failed to show any significant improvements in the explosive power of lower limbs and anaerobic performance. These findings indicate that general aerobic gymnastic training without any specific inputs leads to performance adaptation, namely in abilities closely related to competition routine (dynamic balance and strength endurance of lower limbs).

    Keywords: high-performance laboratory testing, balance and stability, Flexibility, isokinetic leg muscle strength test, power, Anaerobic test

    Received: 31 Jan 2024; Accepted: 22 May 2024.

    Copyright: © 2024 Kyselovicova and Zemková. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

    * Correspondence: Olga Kyselovicova, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

    Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.