Fungal mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles: A review
- 1Universidade de Sorocaba, Brazil
The use of fungi as reducing and stabilizing agents in the biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles is attractive due to the production of large quantities of proteins, high yields, easy handling, and low toxicity of the residues. Furthermore, this synthesis process coats the nanoparticles with biomolecules derived from the fungus, which can improve stability and may confer biological activity. The aim of this review is to describe studies in which silver nanoparticles were synthesized using fungi as reducing agents, discussing the mechanisms and optimization of the synthesis, as well as the applications. The literature shows that various species of fungus have potential for use in biogenic synthesis, enabling the production of nanoparticles with different characteristics, considering aspects such as their size, surface charge, and morphology. The synthesis mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated, although it is believed that fungal biomolecules are mainly responsible for the process. The synthesis can be optimized by adjusting parameters such as temperature, pH, silver precursor concentration, biomass amount, and fungus cultivation time. Silver nanoparticles synthesized using fungi enable the control of pathogens, with low toxicity and good biocompatibility. These findings open perspectives for future investigations concerning the use of these nanoparticles as antimicrobials in the areas of health and agriculture.
Keywords: Biogenic synthesis, silver nanoparticles, Fungi, Biological activity, biomolecules
Received: 19 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 07 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Guilger-Casagrande and de Lima. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Renata de Lima, Universidade de Sorocaba, Sorocaba, Brazil, email@example.com