Original Research ARTICLE
Genomic regions associated with gestation length detected using whole-genome sequence data differ between dairy and beef cattle
- 1Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Ireland
- 2Irish Cattle Breeding Federation, Ireland
While many association studies exist that have attempted to relate genomic markers to phenotypic performance in cattle, very few have considered gestation length as a phenotype, and of those that did, none used whole genome sequence data from multiple breeds. The objective of the present study was therefore to relate imputed whole genome sequence data to estimated breeding values for gestation length on 22,566 sires (representing 2,262,706 progeny) of multiple breeds (Angus [AA], Charolais [CH], Holstein-Friesian [HF], and Limousin [LM]). The associations were undertaken within breed using linear mixed models that account for genomic relatedness among sires; a separate association analysis was undertaken with all breeds analysed together but with breed included as a fixed effect in the model. Furthermore, the genome was divided into 500kb segments and whether or not segments harboured a SNP with a P ≤ 1 x 10-4 in different breeds was determined. Putative QTL regions associated with gestation length were detected in all breeds; significant associations with gestation length were only detected in the HF population and in the across-breed analysis of all 22,566 sires. Twenty-five SNPs were significantly associated (P ≤ 5 x 10-8) with gestation length in the HF population. Of the 25 significant SNPs, 18 were located within three QTLs on BTA18, 6 were in two QTL on BTA19, and one was located within a QTL on BTA7. The strongest association was rs381577268, a downstream variant of ZNF613 located within a QTL spanning from 58.06 to 58.19 Mb on BTA18; it accounted for 1.37% of the genetic variance in gestation length. Overall there were 11 HF animals within the edited dataset that were homozygous for the T allele at rs381577268 and these had a 3.3 day longer (P<0.0001) EBV for gestation length than the heterozygous animals and a 4.7 day longer (P<0.0001) EBV for gestation length than the homozygous CC animals. The majority of the 500kb windows harbouring a SNP with a P ≤1 x 10-4 were unique to a single breed and no window was shared between all four breeds for gestation length, suggesting any QTLs identified are breed specific associations.
Keywords: single nucelotide polymorphisms, Genome wide association analyses, Mixed model analysis, bioinformatics, Pregnanacy
Received: 24 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 04 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Purfield, Evans, Carthy and Berry. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Purfield C. Purfield, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Ireland, email@example.com