Original Research ARTICLE
Technology use and attitudes in learning musical instruments
- 1Centre for Performance Science, Royal College of Music, United Kingdom
While the expansion of technologies into the music education classroom has been studied in great depth, there is a lack of published literature regarding the use of digital technologies by students learning via one-to-one instrumental music instruction frameworks. Do musicians take their technology use into the practice room and teacher’s studio, or does the traditional nature of the master-apprentice teaching model promote differing attitudes of musicians toward their use of technology in learning their instrument? The present study examined (1) musicians’ skills with and attitudes toward technologies in their day-to-day lives, (2) how they engage with technology in the learning of musical instruments, (3) how their attitudes as music learners differ from their role as music teachers, and (4) musicians’ attitudes toward potential new technologies and what factors predict adoption of new tools. To investigate these issues, we developed the Technology Use and Attitudes in Music Learning Survey, which included adaptations of Davis’ 1989 scales for Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Ease of Use of Technology. Data were collected from an international cohort of 338 amateur, student, and professional musicians ranging widely in age, instrument, and musical experience. Results showed a generally positive attitude towards current and future technology use among musicians and supported the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), wherein technology use in music learning was predicted by perceived ease of use via perceived usefulness, although technology use itself, age, and musical experience did not predict hypothetical future use. Musicians’ self-perceived skills with smartphones, laptops, and desktop computers was found to surpass traditional audio and video recording devices regardless of demographics, and the majority of musicians reported using the classic musical technologies of metronomes and tuners on smartphones and tablets rather than bespoke devices. Despite this comfort with and access to new technology, its reported availability within lesson spaces was half of that within practice spaces, and while a large percentage of musicians actively record their playing, these recordings are reviewed with significantly less frequency. These results highlight opportunities for technology to take a greater role in improving music learning through enhanced student-teacher interaction and self-regulated learning.
Keywords: Technology, Learning, musicians, performance, Technology acceptance model
Received: 14 Mar 2018;
Accepted: 29 Apr 2019.
Edited by:Robin L. Bargar, Columbia College Chicago, United States
Reviewed by:Carlos Vaz De Carvalho, Polytechnic Institute of porto, Portugal
Anton Nijholt, University of Twente, Netherlands
Copyright: © 2019 Waddell and Williamon. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Aaron Williamon, Royal College of Music, Centre for Performance Science, London, United Kingdom, email@example.com