Original Research ARTICLE
Enhanced tau protein translation by hyper-excitation
- 1School of Pharmacy, Nihon University, Japan
- 2Gakushuin University, Japan
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein, localizing mainly in the axon of mature neurons. Phenotypic analysis of Tau knockout mice has revealed an impairment of synaptic plasticity but without gross changes in brain morphology. Since we previously described the presence of tau mRNA in the somatodendritic compartment, including the postsynapse, and demonstrated that it could be locally translated in response to glutamate, it appears that the regulated translation of synaptic tau can have a direct impact on synaptic function. Using SH-SY5Y cells, we herein confirm that glutamate dose-dependently regulates the translation of tau protein without altering tau mRNA levels. This is supported by the finding that cycloheximide blocks glutamate-stimulated increases in tau protein levels. Our observation that that neural excitation can directly upregulate tau mRNA translation helps explain the pathological accumulation of tau in the somatodendrite.
Keywords: tau, glutamate stimulation, translation, synapse, Phosphorylation
Received: 25 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 05 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Kobayashi, tanaka, soeda and Takashima. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Akihiko Takashima, Gakushuin University, Toshima, 171-8588, Tōkyō, Japan, email@example.com