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Front. Res. Metr. Anal. | doi: 10.3389/frma.2018.00008

Citation indexing revisited: Garfield’s early vision and its implications for the future

  • 1SciTech Strategies, Inc., United States

Eugene Garfield’s ideas on citation indexing were gradually shaped over the course of the 1950s by his exposure to the thinking of various individuals such as J.D. Bernal, H.G. Wells, Chauncey Leake, William Adair and Joshua Lederberg. Two key concepts emerged during this early period which guided his later work: the importance of inter-disciplinary or cross-disciplinary research, and the notion that references could be used to index the documents they cited. These ideas were the basis for his landmark product the Science Citation Index. However, it took many years for the significance of his early insights to be appreciated and manifested in research studies and products. And in a real sense we continue to work out the implications of these ideas even today.

Keywords: Citation indexing, +interdisciplinary reseach, Citation contexts, mapping science, Eugene Garfield history

Received: 13 Dec 2017; Accepted: 12 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

David A. Pendlebury, Clarivate Analytics, United States

Reviewed by:

Juan I. Gorraiz, Department for Bibliometrics and Publication Strategies, University of Vienna, Austria
Ying Ding, Indiana University Bloomington, United States  

Copyright: © 2018 Small. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Henry Small, SciTech Strategies, Inc., Albuquerque, United States,