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Front. Digit. Humanit. | doi: 10.3389/fdigh.2019.00008

Socio-material Archaeological Networks at Çatalhöyük a Community Detection Approach

  • 1Stanford University, United States

Vast in scale and densely inhabited, Late Neolithic Near Eastern megasites have been variously considered in relation to urbanity. Often viewed as failed experiments on the path to proper urbanism or proto-urban sites, these settlements reveal few signs of hierarchical social stratification despite their large size; as such, they represent a challenge for the understanding of early processes of community formation and social integration. Drawing upon a wide range of data and using socio-material network analysis as a methodological tool, this paper explores the way the late Neolithic site of Çatalhöyük was organized internally and specifically the way individual houses were embedded in the wider social fabric of the site. This study sheds light on the nature of the networks of social engagement and affiliation that emerge in the Holocene within large early agricultural communities and the way such networks were manifested.

Keywords: Neolithic, Çatalhöyük, Network analisys, Cities, Anatolia

Received: 05 Jan 2019; Accepted: 17 Apr 2019.

Edited by:

Francesca Fulminante, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Yongquan Fu, National University of Defense Technology, China
Barbara J. Mills, University of Arizona, United States
Fiona Coward, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom  

Copyright: © 2019 Mazzucato. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Ms. Camilla Mazzucato, Stanford University, Stanford, United States, camimazz@stanford.edu