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Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00044

‘Who brings in the fish? The relative contribution of small-scale and industrial fisheries to food security in Southeast Asia’

  • 1Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia, Canada

Amidst overexploited fisheries and further climate related declines projected in tropical fisheries, marine dependent small-scale fishers in Southeast Asia face an uncertain future. Yet, small-scale fishers are seldom explicitly considered in regional fisheries management and their contribution to national fish supply tends to be greatly under-estimated compared to industrial fisheries. Lack of knowledge about the small-scale sector jeopardises informed decision-making for sustainable ecosystem based fisheries planning and social development. We fill this knowledge gap by applying reconstructed marine fish catch statistics from Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam – countries of the Gulf of Thailand - from 1950 to 2013 to assess the relative contribution of small-scale and industrial fisheries to national food security. Reconstructed catches quantify reported and unreported fish catch from industrial, small-scale, and recreational fishing. We then conduct a comparative analysis of the degree to which the industrial and small-scale sectors support food security, by converting total catch to the portion that is kept for human consumption and that which is diverted to fishmeal for animal feed or other purposes. Total reconstructed marine fish catch from the four Southeast Asian countries totalled 282 million t from 1950 to 2013, with small-scale sector catches being underestimated by an average of around 2 times. When the amount of fish that is diverted to fishmeal is omitted, small-scale fishers contribute more food fish for humans than do industrial fisheries for much of the period until 2000. These results encourage regional fisheries management to be cognisant of small-scale fisheries as a pillar of socio-economic well-being for coastal communities.

Keywords: Fishmeal, small-scale fisheries, Food fish, Food security, southeast asia

Received: 03 Nov 2017; Accepted: 29 Jan 2018.

Edited by:

Steven W. Purcell, Southern Cross University, Australia

Reviewed by:

Jonathan A. Anticamara, Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines-Diliman, Philippines
Rolf A. Groeneveld, Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands  

Copyright: © 2018 Teh and Pauly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Lydia C. Teh, University of British Columbia, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, Vancouver, Canada, lydia.teh@oceans.ubc.ca