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Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00422

OceanGliders: a component of the integrated GOOS

 Pierre Testor1*,  Brad DeYoung2,  Daniel L. Rudnick3, Scott Glenn4,  Daniel Hayes5, Craig Lee6,  Charitha B. Pattiaratchi7,  Katherine L. Hill8,  Emma Heslop9,  Victor Turpin1,  Pekka Alenius10,  Carlos Barrera11, John Barth12,  Nicholas Beaird13, Guislain Becu14,  Anthony Bosse15,  François Bourrin16, Alex Brearley17,  Yi Chao18, Sue Chen19,  Jacopo Chiggiato20*,  Laurent Coppola21, Richard Crout19, James Cummings19, Beth Curry6, Ruth Curry22,  Richard Davis23, Kruti Desai24,  Steven DiMarco25, Catherine Edwards26,  Sophie Fielding17,  Ilker Fer15,  Eleanor Frajka-Williams27,  Hezi Gildor28,  Gustavo Goni29, Dimitri Gutierrez30,  Stephanie Hanson27, Peter Haugan15,  David Hebert31,  Joleen Heiderich32,  Karen J. Heywood33,  Patrick Hogan19,  Loïc Houpert34, Sik Huh35,  Mark E. Inall34,  Masso Ishii36,  Schin-ichi Ito37,  Sachihiko Itoh37,  Sen Jan38,  Jan Kaiser33,  Johannes Karstensen39,  Barbara Kirkpatrick40, Jody Klymak41, Josh Kohut4,  Gerd Krahmann39,  Marjolaine Krug42,  Sam McClatchie43, Frederic Marin44,  Elena Mauri45,  Avichal Mehra46,  Michael P. Meredith17,  Travis Miles4, Julio Morell47, Laurent Mortier48,  Sarah Nicholson42,  Joanne O'Callaghan49,  Diarmuid O'Conchubhair50,  Peter R. Oke51,  Enric P. Sanz52,  Matthew Palmer27, JongJin Park53, Leonidas Perivoliotis54, Pierre-Marie Poulain55, Ruth Perry56,  Bastien Queste33,  Luc Rainville6,  Eric Rehm14,  Moninya Roughan57,  Nicholas Rome24, Tetjana Ross31,  Simon Ruiz58,  Grace Saba4,  Amandine Schaeffer57,  Martha Schonau59,  Katrin Schroeder20, Yugo Shimizu60,  Bernadette M. Sloyan61,  David Smeed27,  Derrick P. Snowden29,  Yumi Song53,  Sebastiaan Swart62,  Miguel Tenreiro52,  Andrew F. Thompson63,  Joaquin Tintore64,  Robert E. Todd13,  Cesar Toro9, Hugh Venables17, Stephanie Waterman65, Roy Watlington66 and  Doug Wilson66
  • 1Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France
  • 2Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
  • 3Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 4Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, United States
  • 5University of Cyprus, Cyprus
  • 6University of Washington, United States
  • 7University of Western Australia, Australia
  • 8World Meteorological Organization, Switzerland
  • 9Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO), France
  • 10Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland
  • 11Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands, Spain
  • 12Oregon State University, United States
  • 13Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
  • 14UMI3376 TAKUVIK, Canada
  • 15University of Bergen, Norway
  • 16Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, France
  • 17British Antarctic Survey (BAS), United Kingdom
  • 18seatrec & JPL, China
  • 19United States Naval Research Laboratory, United States
  • 20Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), Italy
  • 21Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
  • 22Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences, Bermuda
  • 23Dalhousie University, Canada
  • 24oceanleadership, United States
  • 25Texas A&M University, United States
  • 26University of Georgia, United States
  • 27National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 28Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
  • 29National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), United States
  • 30Institute of the Sea of ​​Peru (IMARPE), Peru
  • 31Department of Fisheries and Oceans (Canada), Canada
  • 32Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
  • 33University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
  • 34Scottish Association For Marine Science, United Kingdom
  • 35Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, South Korea
  • 36Meteorological Research Institute (MRI), Japan
  • 37The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • 38National Taiwan University, Taiwan
  • 39GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
  • 40Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System Regional Association, United States
  • 41University of Victoria, Canada
  • 42Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa
  • 43fishocean, United States
  • 44Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France
  • 45Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Italy
  • 46National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), United States
  • 47University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • 48ENSTA ParisTech École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées, France
  • 49National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), New Zealand
  • 50Marine Institute, Ireland
  • 51CSIRO Oceans and Atmopshere, Australia
  • 52Ensenada Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education (CICESE), Mexico
  • 53Korea University, South Korea
  • 54Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Greece
  • 55NATO Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation, Italy
  • 56Shell (United States), United States
  • 57University of New South Wales, Australia
  • 58Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), Spain
  • 59University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 60Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, Japan
  • 61CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere (O&A), Australia
  • 62University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 63California Institute of Technology, United States
  • 64Coast observation and prediction system of the Balearic Islands (SOCIB), Spain
  • 65University of British Columbia, Canada
  • 66University of the Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands

The OceanGliders program started in 2016 to support active coordination and enhancement of global glider activity. OceanGliders contributes to the international efforts of the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS) for Climate, Ocean Health and Operational Services. It brings together marine scientists and engineers operating gliders around the world: (1) to observe the long-term physical, biogeochemical, and biological ocean processes and phenomena that are relevant for societal applications; and, (2) to contribute to the GOOS through real-time and delayed mode data dissemination. The OceanGliders program is distributed across national and regional observing systems and significantly contributes to integrated, multi-scale and multi-platform sampling strategies. OceanGliders shares best practices, requirements, and scientific knowledge needed for glider operations, data collection and analysis. It also monitors global glider activity and supports the dissemination of glider data through regional and global databases, in real-time and delayed modes, facilitating data access to the wider community. OceanGliders currently supports national, regional and global initiatives to maintian and expand the capabilities and application of gliders to meet key global challenges such as improved measurement of ocean boundary currents, water transformation and storm forecast.

Keywords: in situ ocean observing systems, Gliders, boundary currents, Storms, Water transformation, GOOS

Received: 31 Oct 2018; Accepted: 05 Jul 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Testor, DeYoung, Rudnick, Glenn, Hayes, Lee, Pattiaratchi, Hill, Heslop, Turpin, Alenius, Barrera, Barth, Beaird, Becu, Bosse, Bourrin, Brearley, Chao, Chen, Chiggiato, Coppola, Crout, Cummings, Curry, Curry, Davis, Desai, DiMarco, Edwards, Fielding, Fer, Frajka-Williams, Gildor, Goni, Gutierrez, Hanson, Haugan, Hebert, Heiderich, Heywood, Hogan, Houpert, Huh, Inall, Ishii, Ito, Itoh, Jan, Kaiser, Karstensen, Kirkpatrick, Klymak, Kohut, Krahmann, Krug, McClatchie, Marin, Mauri, Mehra, Meredith, Miles, Morell, Mortier, Nicholson, O'Callaghan, O'Conchubhair, Oke, Sanz, Palmer, Park, Perivoliotis, Poulain, Perry, Queste, Rainville, Rehm, Roughan, Rome, Ross, Ruiz, Saba, Schaeffer, Schonau, Schroeder, Shimizu, Sloyan, Smeed, Snowden, Song, Swart, Tenreiro, Thompson, Tintore, Todd, Toro, Venables, Waterman, Watlington and Wilson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Dr. Pierre Testor, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris, France,
Dr. Jacopo Chiggiato, Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), Venezia, 30122, Veneto, Italy,