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Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00423

Global Perspectives on Observing Ocean Boundary Current Systems

  • 1Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, United States
  • 2Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), United States
  • 3Old Dominion University, United States
  • 4Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France
  • 5Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), France
  • 6Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA), United States
  • 7Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, United States
  • 8Institute of the Sea of ​​Peru (IMARPE), Peru
  • 9Ocean University of China, China
  • 10Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, China
  • 11Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 12NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), United States
  • 13University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • 14European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, United Kingdom
  • 15University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States
  • 16Oregon State University, United States
  • 17GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
  • 18Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Brazil
  • 19University of São Paulo, Brazil
  • 20National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET), Argentina
  • 21Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 22Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA), United States
  • 23Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, United States
  • 24Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
  • 25Millennium Institute of Oceanography, University of Concepción, Chile
  • 26Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • 27CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere (O&A), Australia
  • 28School of Oceanography, University of Washington, United States
  • 29Department of Fisheries and Oceans (Canada), Canada
  • 30Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • 31Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa
  • 32UMR5566 Laboratoire d'études en géophysique et océanographie spatiales (LEGOS), France
  • 33UMR7159 Laboratoire d'océanographie et du climat expérimentations et approches numériques (LOCEAN), France
  • 34Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, United States
  • 35University of Southern California, United States
  • 36Aquatic Sciences Centre, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Australia
  • 37Instituto Geofisico del Peru, Peru
  • 38UNC Coastal Studies Institute, United States
  • 39Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan
  • 40Wellesley College, United States
  • 41University of Rhode Island, United States
  • 42University of Tasmania, Australia
  • 43University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 44University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States
  • 45Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 46University of New South Wales, Australia
  • 47University of South Carolina, United States
  • 48Department Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa
  • 49CSIRO Oceans and Atmopshere, Australia
  • 50Ministy of Fisheries and Marine Resources (Namibia), Namibia
  • 51Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Oceans, University of Washington, United States
  • 52Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Ocean boundary current systems are key components of the climate system, are home to highly productive ecosystems, and have numerous societal impacts. Establishment of a global network of boundary current observing systems is a critical part of ongoing development of the Global Ocean Observing System. The characteristics of boundary current systems are reviewed, focusing on scientific and societal motivations for sustained observing. Techniques currently used to observe boundary current systems are reviewed, followed by a census of the current state of boundary current observing systems globally. Next steps in the development of boundary current observing systems are considered, leading to several specific recommendations.

Keywords: Eastern Boundary Current Systems, western boundary current systems, ocean observing systems, time series, Autonomous underwater gliders, Drifters, remote sensing, Moorings

Received: 31 Oct 2018; Accepted: 05 Jul 2019.

Edited by:

Sabrina Speich, École Normale Supérieure, France

Reviewed by:

Moacyr C. Araujo Filho, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil
Eitarou Oka, The University of Tokyo, Japan  

Copyright: © 2019 Todd, Chavez, Clayton, CRAVATTE, Goes, Graco, Lin, Sprintall, Zilberman, Archer, Arístegui, Balmaseda, Bane, Baringer, Barth, Beal, Brandt, Calil, Campos, Centurioni, Chidichimo, Cirano, Cronin, Curchitser, Davis, Dengler, DeYoung, Dong, Escribano, Fassbender, Fawcett, Feng, Goni, Gray, Gutiérrez, Hebert, Hummels, Ito, Krug, Lacan, Laurindo, Lazar, Lee, Lengaigne, Levine, Middleton, Montes, Muglia, Nagai, Palevsky, Palter, Phillips, Piola, Plueddemann, Qiu, Rodrigues, Rossby, Roughan, Rudnick, Rykaczewski, Saraceno, Seim, Sen Gupta, Shannon, Sloyan, Sutton, Thompson, van der Plas, Volkov, Wilkin, Zhang and Zhang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Robert E. Todd, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, United States, rtodd@whoi.edu