Original Research ARTICLE
Resveratrol-mediated attenuation of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B-induced acute liver injury is associated with regulation of microRNA and induction of Myeloid-derived Suppressor Cells
- 1University of South Carolina School of Medicine, United States
Resveratrol (RES) is a polyphenolic compound found abundantly in plant products including red grapes, peanuts, and mulberries. Because of potent anti-inflammatory properties of RES, we investigated whether RES can protect from Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB)-induced acute liver injury (ALI) in mice. SEB is a potent super antigen that induces robust inflammation and releases inflammatory cytokines that can be fatal. We observed that SEB caused ALI in mice with increases in enzyme aspartate transaminase (AST) levels, and massive infiltration of immune cells into the liver. Treatment with RES (100 mg/kg body weight) attenuated SEB-induced ALI, as indicated by decreased AST levels and cellular infiltration in the liver. Interestingly, RES treatment increased the number of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the liver. RES treatment led to alterations in the microRNA (miR) profile in liver MNCs of mice exposed to SEB, and pathway analysis indicated these miRs targeted many inflammatory pathways. Of these, we identified miR-185, which was down-regulated by RES, to specifically target Colony Stimulating Factor (CSF1) using transfection studies. Moreover, the levels of CSF1 were significantly increased in RES-treated SEB mice. Because CSF1 is critical in MDSC induction, our studies suggest that RES may induce MDSCs by down-regulating miR-180 leading to increase the expression of CSF-1. The data presented demonstrate for the first time that RES can effectively attenuates SEB-induced ALI and that this may result from its action on miRs and induction of MDSCs.
Keywords: Liver, Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), microRNA, Csf1, MDSC
Received: 12 Jun 2018;
Accepted: 13 Nov 2018.
Edited by:Johannes Trück, Universitäts-Kinderspital Zürich, Switzerland
Reviewed by:Graciela A. Cremaschi, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina
Tai L. Guo, University of Georgia, United States
Copyright: © 2018 Kadhim, Singh, Zumbrun, Cui, Chatterjee, Hofseth, Nagarkatti and Nagarkatti. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Mitzi Nagarkatti, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, United States, email@example.com