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Retraction ARTICLE

Front. Cell. Neurosci., 24 September 2018 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2018.00349

Retraction: DA Negatively Regulates IGF-I Actions Implicated in Cognitive Function via Interaction of PSD95 and nNOS in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy

A retraction of the Original Research Article
DA Negatively Regulates IGF-I Actions Implicated in Cognitive Function via Interaction of PSD95 and nNOS in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy

by Ding, S., Zhuge, W., Wang, X., Yang, J., Lin, Y., Wang, C., et al. (2017). Front. Cell. Neurosci. 11:258. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2017.00258

The journal retracts the 6 September 2017 article cited above. Following publication, the publisher was alerted to potential instances of image manipulation. In accordance with our established procedures, an investigation was initiated. The investigation revealed image duplication in Figure 8 and copy-paste marks and image manipulation in western blot gels (Figures 6, 7, 10). The authors and their institution have remained unresponsive to multiple requests for the raw data for this study. Given the authors' unresponsiveness and extant concerns over the validity of the study, the article has been retracted.

The retraction of the article was approved by the Chief Editors of Cellular Neuroscience and the Editor-in-Chief of Frontiers.

Citation: Frontiers Editorial Office (2018) Retraction: DA Negatively Regulates IGF-I Actions Implicated in Cognitive Function via Interaction of PSD95 and nNOS in Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy. Front. Cell. Neurosci. 12:349. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2018.00349

Received: 18 September 2018; Accepted: 18 September 2018;
Published: 24 September 2018.

Approved by:

Egidio D'Angelo, University of Pavia, Italy

Copyright © 2018 Frontiers Editorial Office. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Frontiers Editorial Office, editorial.office@frontiersin.org