Original Research ARTICLE
Simultaneous detection of parasitic vector borne diseases: a robust cross-sectional survey in hunting, stray and sheep dogs in a Mediterranean area.
- 1Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
- 2Other, Italy
Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are a spectrum of diseases caused by different pathogens transmitted by blood-feeding arthropoda. The aim of this study was to investigate leishmaniosis, babesiosis and filarial infections in dogs with three different lifestyles (hunting, stray and sheep dogs) in Molise, the small region of southern Italy, where data available about these parasitic infections are very scant. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 318 hunting, 180 stray and 218 sheep dogs. Immunofluorescence antibody test, blood smear, molecular techniques and Knott test were performed to detect Leishmania infantum, Babesia spp. and filarial nematodes. Association between positivity to CVBDs, age, sex and living conditions was evaluated. An overall prevalence of 12.3% of CVBDs caused by L. infantum (10.2%), B. canis canis (0.3%) and filarial nematodes (2.1%) was detected. Three dogs showed co-infections of L. infantum and B. c. canis (0.1%) or Acanthocheilonema reconditum (0.3%). A significantly association was found only for filarial infection in hunting dogs. These parasites were reported also in dogs without clinical signs. It is very important to plan effective control programs for CVBDs to guarantee not only the health and welfare of pets, but also the public safety, because some of mentioned parasites are of zoonotic importance.
Keywords: Canine Vector Borne Diseases, Leishmania infantum, Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens, Acanthocheilonema reconditum, Babesia spp, Dogs, Italy
Received: 10 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 13 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Gizzarelli, Foglia Manzillo, Ciuca, Morgoglione, El Houda Ben Fayala, Cringoli, Oliva, Rinaldi and Maurelli. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Valentina Foglia Manzillo, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, 80137, Campania, Italy, email@example.com