About this Research Topic
In recent years, it has received a great deal of attention that biocatalytic methods using novel enzymes can replace chemical catalysis on a commercial scale with revealing benefits. A variety of enzymes with good catalytic performance and special properties have been isolated and characterized from marine microorganisms. Among these, some enzymes for degrading cell walls of marine biomass, such as alginate lyases, chitosanases, and agarases, have been studied, modified, and produced industrially. Utilizing the enzymes for the biotransformation of high-value compounds has been applied in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
With the help of genomics, proteomics, metagenomics, and metabolomics, a huge volume of information on enzyme-based metabolic pathways has been explored. Consequentially, the novel enzymes without characterization come under observation. Illustrating the catalytic mechanisms and the enzymatic properties can help explain the roles of these enzymes in metabolism. Meanwhile, the enzymes should be studied and developed as new biocatalysts with biotechnology potential. The goal of this research topic is to highlight the roles of uncharacterized enzymes in the metabolism of marine microorganisms and biotechnology applications in different fields.
The submitted manuscripts of the research topic should focus on the scientific problems of enzymes from marine microorganisms. Research articles and reviews are both encouraged. This Research Topic will focus, but not only, on the following sub-topics:
• Identification and characterization of the key enzymes related to marine microbial physiology.
• Properties of novel enzymes from marine microorganisms with potential biotechnology productions.
• Construction of industrial processes using marine enzymes.
• Structure-function relationships of marine enzymes.
Keywords: Enzymes, Biotransformation, Metabolism
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.