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Anthropogenic Disturbances in the Deep Sea

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Front. Mar. Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00053

Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity – an impossible aim

 Holly J. Niner1*, Jeff A. Ardron2, 3,  Elva G. Escobar-Briones4, Matthew Gianni5,  Aline Jaeckel6,  Daniel O. Jones2,  Lisa A. Levin7,  Craig R. Smith8,  Torsten Thiele9, Phillip J. Turner10, Cindy L. Van Dover10,  Les Watling11 and Kristina M. Gjerde12
  • 1University College London, Australia
  • 2University of Southampton Waterfront Campus, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 3Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 4Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
  • 5Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, Netherlands
  • 6Macquarie Law School and Macquarie Marine Research Centre, Macquarie University, Australia
  • 7Center for Marine Biodiversity and Integrative Oceanography Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, United States
  • 8Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States
  • 9Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Germany
  • 10Division of Marine Science and Conservation, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, United States
  • 11Department of Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States
  • 12Marine and Polar Programme, IUCN, United States

*We have been given permission to submit an abstract of 350 words and a body text of up to 7000 words. As a result, the portal will not let me paste the full text.

Keywords: No net loss, Biodiversity offsetting, Compensation, Mitigation hierarchy, deep-sea mining, Environmental impact, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Received: 30 Sep 2017; Accepted: 05 Feb 2018.

Edited by:

Christopher K. Pham, University of the Azores, Portugal

Reviewed by:

Malcolm R. Clark, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand
Autun Purser, Alfred Wegener Institut Helmholtz Zentrum für Polar und Meeresforschung, Germany  

Copyright: © 2018 Niner, Ardron, Escobar-Briones, Gianni, Jaeckel, Jones, Levin, Smith, Thiele, Turner, Van Dover, Watling and Gjerde. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Ms. Holly J. Niner, University College London, Torrens Building, 220 Victoria Square, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia, Australia, holly.niner.13@ucl.ac.uk