Original Research ARTICLE
Testing motivational theories in music education: the role of effort and gratitude
- 1Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Spain
- 2University of Valencia, Spain
Acquiring musical skills requires sustained effort over long periods of time. This work aims to explore the variables involved in sustaining motivation in music students, including perceptions about one’s own skills, satisfaction with achievements, effort, the importance of music in one’s life, and perception of the sacrifice made. Two models were developed in which the variable of gratitude was included to integrate positive psychology into the motivational area of music education. The first predicts effort, while the second predicts gratitude. The models were tested using a sample of 84 music students. Both models were fitted using Bayesian analysis techniques to examine the relationship between variables and showed adequate goodness of fit. These models emphasize the role of cognition and motivation in music education and, more precisely, the relationship between effort and gratitude.
Keywords: musicians and nonmusicians, self-efficacy, Cognition, Students, sacrifice
Received: 04 May 2018;
Accepted: 12 Jul 2019.
Edited by:Aleksey Nikolsky, Braavo! Enterprises, United States
Reviewed by:Michela Balconi, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy
Rosa M. Trenado, University of Valencia, Spain
Cristina Jenaro, University of Salamanca, Spain
Copyright: © 2019 Bernabé-Valero, Blasco-Magraner and Moret-Tatay. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Carmen Moret-Tatay, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Valencia, Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org