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Functional Testing of Vestibular Function

Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Neurol. | doi: 10.3389/fneur.2018.00979

Active Functional Head Impulse Test might be useful for assessing vestibular compensation after unilateral vestibular loss.

  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 2Skåne University Hospital, Sweden

Background: Loss of the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) affects visual acuity during head movements. Previous studies have shown that compensatory eye-saccades improve visual acuity and that the timing of the saccade is important. Most of the tests involved in testing VOR are made with passive head movement, that do not necessarily reflect the activities of daily living and thus not being proportionate to symptoms and distresses of the patients.

Objective: To examine differences between active (self-generated) or passive (imposed by the examiner) head rotations while trying to maintain visual focus on a target.

Method: 9 patients were recruited (4 men and 5 women, mean age 47) and tested with video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) and Head Impulse Testing Device – Functional Test (HITD-FT) during passive and active movements while looking at a target. VOR gain, latencies of covert saccades, frequency of covert saccades and visual acuity were measured and analysed.

Results: Active head-impulses towards the lesioned side resulted in better visual acuity (p=0.002) compared to conventional passive head-impulses and generated eye-saccades with significantly shorter latencies (p=0.004). Active movements to the lesioned side generated dynamic visual acuities that were as good as when testing the intact side.

Conclusion: Actively generated head impulses resulted in normal dynamic visual acuity, even when performed towards the side of total vestibular loss. This might be attributed to the appearance of short-latency covert saccades. The results show a strong relationship between self-generated movements, latencies of covert saccades and outcome in HITD-FT, i.e. a better dynamic visual function with less retinal slip which is the main function of the VOR. The method of active HITD-FT might be valuable in assessing vestibular compensation and monitoring ongoing vestibular rehabilitation.

Keywords: Vestibuloocular reflex, VHIT testing, DVA, vestibular rehabilitaiton, Vestibular loss

Received: 14 Sep 2018; Accepted: 30 Oct 2018.

Edited by:

Stefano Ramat, University of Pavia, Italy

Reviewed by:

Americo Migliaccio, Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), Australia
Michael Fetter, Stiftung Rehabilitation Heidelberg (Germany), Germany  

Copyright: © 2018 Sjögren, Fransson, Karlberg, Magnusson and Tjernström. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Julia Sjögren, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Julia.Sjogren@med.lu.se