Vestibular and multi-sensory influences upon self-motion perception and the consequences for human behavior
- 1Imperial College London, United Kingdom
In this manuscript, we comprehensively review both the human and animal literature regarding vestibular and multi-sensory contributions to self-motion perception. This covers the anatomical basis and how and where the signals are processed at all levels from the peripheral vestibular system to the brainstem and cerebellum and finally to the cortex. Further, we consider how and where these vestibular signals are integrated with other sensory cues to facilitate self-motion perception. We conclude by demonstrating the wide-ranging influences of the vestibular system and self-motion perception upon behavior, namely eye movement, postural control and spatial awareness as well as new discoveries that such perception can impact upon numerical cognition, human affect and bodily self-consciousness.
Keywords: vestibular cortex, self-motion, vestibular cerebellum, vestibular cognition, VOR (Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex)
Received: 27 Aug 2018;
Accepted: 17 Jan 2019.
Edited by:Alexis Bozorg Grayeli, Centre Hospitalier Regional Universitaire De Dijon, France
Reviewed by:Marc Van Hoof, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Netherlands
Gabriel Trinidad-Ruiz, Hospital Infanta Cristina Badajoz, Spain
Copyright: © 2019 Britton and Arshad. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Qadeer Arshad, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom, firstname.lastname@example.org